Geog 5 Final Review Study Guide

Geog 5 Final Review Study Guide - Geography 5 Review for...

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Geography 5 Review for Final Did the Greeks know the earth was round? How? The Greeks (Aristotle) knew the earth was round because they 1) observed clouds sinking into the horizon 2) the North Star 3) Lunar Eclipse Biome: A group of plants and animals that live in the same climate zone Where is it? Why is it there? Plant adaptations? Mediterranean Scrub: Mediterranean, CA, Cent. Chile, S. Africa, SWOZ (Australia) Plant Adaptations: 1) shrubs a) small leaves b) evergreen c) light color d) point up e) smell good so they won’t get eaten. How are Mediterranean plants adapted to fire? - Seeds need fire to open -turpentine and ribbon-like bark (Manzanitas) Orographic Precipitation - ITCZ creates a low pressure zone on the wet side of the mountain, gaining moisture from the ocean, which rains on the wet side - Creates a cloud forest and a high pressure zone on top of the mountain - The cloud can’t pass over the mountain, so there is a Rainshadow and thus a dry side of the mountain. Epiphytes: an organism that grows upon or attached to a living plant (ex. Orchid) Megafauna : Large Animal -competition Island Gigantism : Komodo Dragon- fulfilling a nitch Island Dwarfism : Pygmy Mammoth -No fear, loss of mobility Paul Martin Munch Hypothesis -humans hunted and ate all the megafauna from North American all the way to South America New Zealand 1,000 years ago Moa - 7 species in New Zealand that are huge flightless birds eaten by Mauri 1930 2 billion (Grandparents) 1975 4 billion 2000 6 billion 2015 7 billion
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Agriculture: Where from, How grown, Ecological Impact PLANT ORIGIN NATURAL HISTORY IMPACT Coffee ( Coffea arabica) Ethiopia -domesticated in 500 AD -exported to Yemen from Mocha -today most coffee comes from Brazil Bad; monoculture for sun grown Good; organic shade grown Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis) Brazil -tall tree -sap bleeds form tree when slashes, sap is collected -exported in 1800, controlled by monopolies up until 1865 -seed was stolen and smuggled to Singapore 1865 –Malaysia largest grower -fungus destroys monoculture -rubber is very strong Bad; monoculture Good; Brazil’s rubber tappers Orange (Citrus sp.) China Coco (Erthroxylum coca) Andes -Coca is first in calories, protein, carbohydrates, fiber -Rich in calcium, phosphorous, iron, vitamin A and E -historically used to get rid of hunger and fatigue Good; small scale agriculture What did the California Indians use it for? Oaks (Quercus sp.) USE: Acorns were the primary food source for a number of California Indians. Acorns were collected, leached with water in stream and basket to remove tannins (Wine) then heated with rocks for mush. Wood also used for bow Manzanita (Arctostaphylos sp.) USE: Indians poured hot water over berries to create cider. Wood was also used as a
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Geog 5 Final Review Study Guide - Geography 5 Review for...

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