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05_Study Guide - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 5 The...

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Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 5: The Structure and Function of Macromolecules Chapter Questions 1) Which of the following is not one of the four major groups of macromolecules found in living organisms? A) glucose B) carbohydrates C) lipids D) proteins E) nucleic acids 2) Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and proteins are all synthesized from monomers by which process? 3) Which of the following best summarizes the relationship between dehydration reactions and hydrolysis? 4) A molecule with the chemical formula C 16 H 32 O 16 is probably a Figure 5.1 5) If 128 molecules of the general type shown in Figure 5.1 were covalently joined together in sequence, the single molecule that would result would be a A) polysaccharide. B) polypeptide. C) polyunsaturated lipid. D) monosaccharide. 1
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E) disaccharide. 6) Consider a polysaccharide consisting of 576 glucose molecules. The total hydrolysis of the polysaccharide would result in the production of 7) Lactose, a sugar in milk, is composed of one glucose molecule joined by a glycosidic linkage to one galactose molecule. How is lactose classified? 8) Which of the following are polysaccharides? 2
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9) Which of the following is true of both starch and cellulose? A) They are both polymers of glucose. B) They are geometric isomers of each other. C) They can both be digested by humans. D) They are both used for energy storage in plants. E) They are both structural components of the plant cell wall.
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