Behavioral_Developmental_Effects_Trauma - Behavioral and...

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Behavioral and Developmental Effects of Trauma Without help and support, children often develop a variety of negative coping responses to traumatic stress. A child’s response to traumatic stress may manifest across multiple domains of functioning and developmental processes, including emotional, behavioral, interpersonal, physiological, and cognitive functioning. Trauma Can alter biological stress systems and adversely effect brain development, cognitive and academic skills, and language acquisition Changes in the levels of stress hormones similar to those seen in combat veterans Undermines brain development and affects different areas of the brain at different stages of development Can have serious consequences for the normal development of a child's brain, brain chemistry, and nervous system Attachment Traumatized children feel that the world is uncertain and unpredictable Their relationships can be characterized by problems with: o Boundaries o Distrust o Suspiciousness As a result, traumatized children can become socially isolated and have difficulty relating to and empathizing with others Biology Traumatized children demonstrate biologically based challenges, including: o Problems with movement and sensation o Hypersensitivity to physical contact o Insensitivity to pain They can have problems with: o Coordination
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o Balance o Body tone o Unexplained physical symptoms o Increased medical problems (e.g., asthma, skin problems, and autoimmune disorders) Mood Regulation Children exposed to trauma can have difficulty regulating their emotions. One of the signs to look for is whether a child has the ability to self soothe or exhibit coping skills Children have difficulty: o Knowing / Identifying feelings o Describing feelings and internal states o
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  • Spring '14
  • Management, Psychological trauma, traumatic stress

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