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Unformatted text preview: Lecture # 4 28/05/2008 18:05:00 ← Socialization and life course • Glen Elder (1999) – main advocate of the life course theory. o 5 main assumptions o people are the results of social history o our history and our identities are interrelated and dependent on society ← ← 1’ socialization • birth, infancy, and adolescence • family is the most important: bonding and attachment – affects your ability in the future to bond and attach to other ppl • intended, and aware as well as unintended and unconscious • learning by imitation as well as learning by intent 2’ socialization • adulthood • after 1’ socialization has laid down the stepping stones • learning adult skills, roles and expectations • mostly takes place in work settings • learn the roles and the things that goes on in a particular setting to be able to function in that setting • university is another form of 2’ socialization • learn professional skills needed to function • all professions are important to 2’ socialization • subtypes: o anticipatory – acquisition of values associated with roles or groups you want to enter – but have not entered as of yet – ie. Research before the dive, anticipation of entering the role. Can produce social marginality. Being the first to do something in your family, and saying goodbye to your family and stepping into a different group, a higher group, the process is very complicated – situation of marginality – on the process of separating from the old group, making the way to the new status, yet they are not there yet. Stuck in between. Exited one group and have not entered the other group as of yet. Isolated, in between o resocialization – intended to replace the characteristic and skills you had in the past, and to break down the past identity, and give you a new identity. Goffman – “total institutions” ie. Prison, psychiatric hospitals, convents, boarding schools, military barracks – they all operate the same way, they use the same methods. Maintain continuous surveillance for the purpose of resocialization. The person they are try to resocialize is worthless! “I the instructor will bring you to ….” o ← difference: • 2’ builds on 1’ • 2’ socialization is by choice • 2’ while seems simpler is more complicated than it seems o professionals often feel fake ← ← Theories • Functionalism o A top-down model o Societies, in order to survive, have to adopt certain patterns....
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This note was uploaded on 07/03/2008 for the course SOC SOC101Y1 taught by Professor Tepperman during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto.
- Spring '08