Sociology Text Notes - Sociology Introduction 7:49:00 PM Common sense only gave incomplete explanations about what happened to people their

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Sociology Introduction 13/05/2008 18:49:00 Common sense only gave incomplete explanations about what happened to  people, their behaviors, and their society. Sociologists study societies methodically Sociologists always see 2 sides to these issues: a macro sides and a micro  side Goal of sociologists: explain social life, critique social inequality, and work  toward effecting social change Formal definition: the systematic study of social behavior in human society  Visible tug-of-war between the group and the individual Macrosociology and microsociology are two related but distinct approaches to  studying the social world o Macrosociology – study of large social organizations and large social  categories for a long periods of time. Focuses on the complex social  patterns that people form over long periods of time. Stresses how  slowly things change and how persistent a social pattern is.  o Microsociology – focuses on the typical processes and patterns of  face-to-face interactions in small groups. Studies the common,  everyday interactions and negotiations that together produce lasting,  secure patterns. Any social unit is constantly being created and  reconceived by the members of society. In nature, large things move slowly and small things move quickly Combining macro and micro approaches improves our understanding of the  social world. The answer lies in a society’s history, culture, and economy C. Wright Mills  (1959) Sociological imagination – connects the micro and the macro sides of  sociology, relates the personal biographies to human history. Something we  need to use in order to understand how societies control and change their  members and how their members’ actions constantly change it. Problems with common-sense explanations Based on voluntaristic view of life – we lead the life want (NOT TRUE) Untested character
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Voluntaristic bias Like journalism, history, philosophy, and psychology, sociology describe and  explain human behavior Journalism and history – describe real events. Sometimes base their  descriptions on a theory or interpretation and is often a implicit theory Sociology – describes real events and makes its theories explicit in order to  test them. Analytical, and completely empirical. Sociological theories must  stand up to logical and evidence. Study social relationships or groups  observed in society.
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This note was uploaded on 07/03/2008 for the course SOC SOC101Y1 taught by Professor Tepperman during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Sociology Text Notes - Sociology Introduction 7:49:00 PM Common sense only gave incomplete explanations about what happened to people their

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