outline_hegel_marx_s108

outline_hegel_marx_s108 - MMW5 Prof. Cassedy HEGEL, MARX,...

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1 MMW5 Prof. Cassedy HEGEL, MARX, AND ENGELS: A NEW WAY OF LOOKING AT HISTORY In the Enlightenment, Rousseau ’s conception of history was backward-looking (history was a fall from the simplicity of the precivilized state). In the nineteenth century, G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831) introduced a conception of history that is progressive . Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels borrowed the logic of this conception of history but modified its content . For Hegel , the content was spiritual ; for Marx and Engels , the content was material (that is, it had to do with the world of matter , not the world of mind and spirit ). HEGEL’S THEORY OF HISTORY For Hegel, the mind/spirit follows a progressive, stage-wise development, beginning with simple consciousness , passing through self-consciousness , reason , spirit , and religion , and culminating in absolute knowing , which is a God-like form of knowledge. History is a manifestation of the development of mind/spirit, so it follows a similar
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2008 for the course MMW 5 taught by Professor Cassedy during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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outline_hegel_marx_s108 - MMW5 Prof. Cassedy HEGEL, MARX,...

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