Globalisation Chris Brown & Kirsten Ainley - Chapter 9 GJo...

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Chapter9GJoallzatioIntroductionThere is no subject in co nte mpora ry inrer nariona l relationsthatatt racts motenons msc thanthenotionof globalizatio n. M uch of th isnonse nse co mes fro mh · penofth eori sts of'hyperglobn liza tion',manyofwhomwork in busine, s.hoolsandwr itefor aparticu lar class o f high-flyingbu sin ess executivesHeldet al.1999),O nly suc h aperson, ior ea m ple, co uldwrite of the eme r-gence0a ' borderless wo rld'(O hm, e 1990).1he worldmay seem borderlcssopeo plewhoturnleft w he n they board an ai rliner,butonewouldnotwanttohavetoexplainmu ch less defend - rhe notionto the millionsofrefu gees,dis placedpersonsandasylum-seccrswho Iid themselvesshuntedfro m Oneholding faci litytoanotherwhile theirfate is determined. In fact , since9/11,ne w securityarran gementshave mea nt tha t even ra p bu siness executives aremild ly inconvenienced w hentheycro ss borders, though passengerstorhc UK, ho landin p rivate jetsat.orrholrAirpo rrillha ve an easier timeofit th anthe restofus w ho uscnearbyHeathrow.T his'globalon ey' is ext remely irri-ra ting,buta lmostequallym isleading is thecharacteristicprofession aldefor-mation of th eIRscho lar, w hichistodenythatanythin ' ever cha nges, orindeed co uld change thi s side of theApocalypse .ItmayweltbethatcertainIhin,5ab outhumanbeingsdonoth. nge,andso,say,Thucy didesor Hobbesare st ill useful guidestothe darker side ofsocial life -butit wouldbe trulyex traordinaryif th e momentous chang, inthew ayordinarypeopleJiveth rou ghoutth e worlddid nothave so me im pact bothoninternational rela-tions an d on the theories th atarede veloped tunderstandtheserelati ons.Thetask,then, istoke ep a cool head; thatis,toac knowledge ch an ge butalsoto'cognizecontinuity, and all t e timetorem em ber thatthis isanunequal anddi videdworld - th ings r ar seem very im; ortanttorhe rich andpowerfulareunlikelytobe readillthesamewayythe poorand weak,<Inany acc ountof globaliza tionthatdoes notplacethisactco ntin ua lly beforeLISw ill beradi-cally deficient.Bearing all th is in mind, thi s chr pter will fa llinto to ur pans. First, the polit-icalconom y of globalization needs robe ex amined; th e evolutionofthe177
178Understanding International Relationsworld economy is centra ltoany reasonable accountofgloba lization, a factthatthehyperglobalizcrs got right, ev nthoughthe y gotso m uch elsewrong,Second,theim pact ofthi sevolutiononth e th eoriesofpoliticaleco nomydiscussedinth e pr vious ch ap terneedstobe assessed .Third, all accountneedstobe givenoftheproblemsthrownupbytheproc essesof glo ba lchange, pro blemtha r the old \Xlestphaliansystemcannotcorewith;inrerna-ti

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