soc intro powerpoint

soc intro powerpoint - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Introduction to the Introduction to the Study of Self and Society Sociological Imagination • C. W. Mills – the ability to understand the interconnection of biography and history Challenges of Studying People • Reactivity • Change over time and space • Studying ourselves – Using scientific constructions to study social constructions – Difficult to be “objective” about religion, sex, and politics – Political implications, vested interests Click to edit Master subtitle style Why Bother? Academic Location • Psychological Social Psychology vs. Sociological Social Psychology • Macrosociology vs. microsociology PSP and SSP • psychological social psychology – typically focuses on “individuals and how they respond to social stimuli. Variations in behavior are believed to be due to people’s interpretation of social stimuli or differences in their personalities and temperament” (Franzoi 2006) psp • Gordon Allport – “social psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods in ‘an attempt to understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others” (quoted in Franzoi 2006). psp and ssp • “Psychologists do not deny that social and cultural forces share the environment within which such basic psychological processes as learning cognition or emotion take place. But their main interest is in the processes themselves rather than in their social setting. As a result, psychological social psychologists make the individual their central abstraction and main unit of analysis. [continued] psp and ssp • Sociologists, on the other hand, seek to describe and explain patterns of conduct among larger aggregates of people – groups, communities, social classes, and even whole societies. Without denying the importance of the mind or of processes that operate at the individual level, sociological social psychologists give priority to the fact of human association and make society their chief abstraction and beginning point of analysis” (Hewitt 1994: 2) psp and ssp • ssp is more interested in context and social structures ssp • Cartwright defines social psychology as “that branch of the social sciences which attempts to explain how society influences the cognition, motivation, development, and behavior of individuals and, in turn, is influenced by them” (91) psp and ssp • ssp: “What is the nature of the relation between the individual and society?” • psp: individual and society as dichotomous – (McCall 1982) Macro and Micro • Sociology is the systematic study of society • Macrosociology – the study of society as a whole • Microsociology – the study of the effects of society on social-psychological processes, also known as sociological social psychology – Includes the individual in analyses • (Rohall, Milkie, Lucas 2007: 24) Choices • Political or apolitical (activist vs. indifferent) Political or apolitical (activist vs....
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2008 for the course SOC 002 taught by Professor Orzechowitz during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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soc intro powerpoint - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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