soc -- socialization,_self,_and_identity powerpoint

soc -- socialization,_self,_and_identity powerpoint -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Socialization, Self, and Identity
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Socialization Socialization – “An ongoing process of interaction through which we develop identities and acquire culture” (Sandstrom, Martin, and Fine 2003: 90) Individuals cannot develop in isolation
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Nature and Nurture “Genes “interact” with the environment. That is genes provide the potential for a trait, but environmental conditions determine whether that potential will be realized. The same genetic codes may be expressed at different levels in different environments” (Guo 2005)
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SI, Socialization, and the Dialectical Rise of the Self Charles Horton Cooley George Herbert Mead
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Symbolic Interaction “Without denying the importance of growth and development… , symbolic interactionists believe that it is the development of self that forms the most crucial aspect of this part of the child’s life. Although physical maturation brings the capacities needed to serve as a member of the human group, it is the acquisition of self that ties the individual to the group and makes the group a part of the person being created” (Hewitt 1994: 96).
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The Self Self – “A process of reflexive activity that includes our subjective stream of consciousness (perceptions, thoughts, feelings, plans, and choices) as well as our conception of self as a physical, social, and moral being. In essence, the self is a reflexive process that enables us to formulate, monitor, control, and react to our own behavior” (Sandstrom, Martin, and Fine 2003: 121)
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Symbolic Interaction George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley The self develops through social interaction People learn to take the role of the other
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John Hewitt Two discoveries “The first is that things have names Second, “is the child’s discovery that he or she has a name ” (Hewitt 1994: 97).
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Charles Horton Cooley Cooley (1864 – 1929) Looking-Glass Self – “The notion that the self reflect the responses of others. More specifically, the self develops through a three- step process: (1) imagining one’s appearance in the eyes of others, (2) imagining their judgment of that appearance, and (3) internalizing their perspectives and developing a corresponding self image and self-feeling” (Sandstrom, Martin, and Fine 2003: 90)
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George Herbert Mead Mead (1863-1931) An individual “becomes an object to himself [or herself] by “taking the attitudes of other individuals towards himself [or herself] within a social environment…” (pg 31)
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George Herbert Mead George Herbert Mead The self has two parts: “I” and “Me” The “I” impulsive part of the self. The “I” is the subjective self. One is never directly aware of the “I”. The “I” of one moment is the “Me” of the next. The “me” is one’s concept of oneself. The “me is
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soc -- socialization,_self,_and_identity powerpoint -...

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