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Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 5
Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Republic of the Philippines Department of Education DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue Pasig City K to 12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 1 to Grade 10 9 )
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Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 5
Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers
Bassarear
Expert Verified
K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM December 2013 March 2014 THE FRAMEWORK K to 12 English Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 2 of 203
K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM I. PHILOSOPHY AND RATIONALE Language is the basis of all communication and the primary instrument of thought . Thinking, learning, and language are interrelated. Language is governed by rules and systems (language conventions) which are used to explore and communicate meaning. It defines culture which is essential in understanding oneself (personal identity), forming interpersonal relationships (socialization), extending experiences, reflecting on thought and action, and contributing to a better society. Language, therefore, is central to the peoples’ intellectual, social and emotional development and has an essential role in all key learning areas 1 . Language is the foundation of all human relationships . All human relationships are established on the ability of people to communicate effectively with each other. Our thoughts, values and understandings are developed and expressed through language. This process allows students to understand better the world in which they live and contributes to the development of their personal perspectives of the global community. People use language to make senseof and bring order to their world. Therefore, proficiency in the language 1 1998. English Curriculum Framework. Australia K to 12 English Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 3 of 203
K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM enables people to access, process and keep abreast of information, to engage with the wider and more diverse communities, and to learn about the role of language in their own lives, and in their own and other cultures. II. GUIDING PRINCIPLES The K-12 Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum is anchored on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching and assessing principles. All languages are interrelated and interdependent . Facility in the first language (L 1 ) strengthens and supports the learning of other languages (L 2 ). Acquisition of sets of skills and implicit metalinguistic knowledge in one language (common underlying proficiency or CUP) provides the base for the development of both the first language (L1) and the second language (L2) 2 . It follows that any expansion of CUP that takes place in one language will have a beneficial effect on the other language(s). This principle serves to explain why it becomes easier and easier to learn additional languages. Language acquisition and learning is an active process that begins at birth and continues throughout life . It is continuous and recursive throughout students’ lives. Students enhance their language abilities by using what they know in new and more complex contexts and with increasing sophistication (spiral progression). They reflect on and use prior knowledge to extend and enhance their language and understanding. By learning and incorporating new language structures into their repertoire and using them in a variety of contexts, students

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