AMH 2020 - AMH 2020 Key questions 1 What is significant...

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AMH 2020Key questions1.What is significant about 1877?2.What is happening in the south during the 1870s and 1880s?3.What is happening in the west during the 1870s and 1880s?4.What is happening to Native Americans in the 1870s and 1880s?-12 years past the civil war, telephone was a year old, - Portable camera, car, and vaccines were not invented yet - Tuberculosis, polio still in the US- Transcontinental railroad was new-US inly one hundred years old-Hayes is president-Life expectancy 40-45- No minimum wage 1877 is the end of reconstruction in America Reconstruction starts at the end of the civil war and ends in 1877Political, social, cultural, and economical Physically have to rebuild rail lines, cities (Atlanta) Politically, people who served key roles in leadership aren’t allowed to vote orhold political office oNewly freed male former slaves are able to vote and hold elected positionsoMany positions former slaves are holding officeoIn the south huge rise in the republican party, that Abe Lincoln startedagitated the freeing of slaveso1870 first African American to serve in US congress14 black men serve in US House or Rep6 black men as lieutenant governorsOver 600 former slaves elected into positions throughout the south Strengthening black cultural institutions (churches and black schools)Segregated schools in the south during reconstructionEconomically huge boom in reconstruction, fixing things, money going into the pockets of northerners who invest in itEmployment for former slaves, able to keep their profits for their workSome southerners resisting changeoBlack codesRestrict work force following civil war, black could only do certain jobs, if you weren’t a servant or a farmer, you were to betaxed between 10 ad 100 dollars, only blackoSharecroppingWays white southerners tried to maintain society and culture, white southerners had the labor of slaves to do farm work, they
still wanted to keep the labor after civil war and not pay for it or pay very little, black had no land, no money to buy land; White southerners rent land to former slaves, you can only buy your seed from me, can only sell your crop back to me, they were told landlord and crop worker gets half and half.Stuff comes up and must borrow from landlord, and they don’t have to give you as muchoDon’t like northerners changing their way of life Reconstruction left incompleteoNortherners lose their appetite for reconstructionoPanic of 1873oRepublican trade away protections for blacks in exchange for the presidency (compromise of 1876)oDisenfranchisement: the taking away of the right to vote A lot of black in the south, black outnumbers white in many places, white concerned because they don’t want their representative to be a former slaves so they intimidate black votersLater start literacy testing to be able to vote Poll taxes only apply to black votersGrandfather laws- if your ancestor could vote in 1860, then you

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