Lecture 3 - 10-23-07 1820s By 1828 the political system had...

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10-23-07 1820s By 1828 the political system had changed o Politicians became very popular o Debates and campaigns grew in number o Party “machines” developed o National conventions also grew in number o Sectional loyalties remained amid national unity Issues were tariffs, currency reform, internal improvements, and state’s rights By 1828, Jackson and his supporters called themselves Democrats o Concerned about wealth distribution o Believed in non-interference by US government in the economy Democratic opposition was initially the National Republicans but they became the Whig Party (1836) o Whigs supported the American System, banks, federal economic aid o Upper class and wealthy supported the party Democrats o Believed in limiting government During the Jacksonian Era federal power did decline o Democrats reduced government expenditures, lowered tariffs, destroyed the BUS, and reduced internal improvements o Courted immigrants Partly due to opposition to federal temperance legislation Election of 1828 -- Jackson runs again against Adams o “Do you want John Adams who can write or Andrew Jackson who can fight?” o Dirty, hard campaign o Jackson took attacks personally o Caused his wife, Rachel, great anxiety She died in December 1828, after the election o Big win for Jackson Age of Jackson Features: o Age of the Common Man o Was a states’ rights enthusiast but also a nationalist o Strict interpretation of the Constitution o Believed in laissez faire economics o Believed he was the voice of the people o Too many career bureaucrats o Credited with the spoils system Crises hit Jackson almost immediately o His vice-president was John C. Calhoun o Calhoun and other southerners did not like the Tariff of 1828 The “tariff of abominations”
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Calhoun wrote “The South Carolina Exposition and Protest” It advocated nullification of tariffs (or other acts of Congress) Calhoun urged caution and patience for southerners Calhoun hoped to influence Jackson to reduce tariffs Believed Jackson to support state’s rights Calhoun-Jackson relationship soured quickly o Peggy Eaton Affair Wife of Secretary of War – John Eaton Peggy had a dubious past and was not accepted by other cabinet wives John Calhoun’s wife was most vocal Only Martin Van Buren accepted Peggy Jackson was infuriated over the issue Peggy Eaton Affair alienated most cabinet members from Jackson Peggy’s situation reminded Jackson of what his wife went through The imbroglio resulted in cabinet disunity Many in the cabinet resigned and Van Buren became Jackson’s favorite Jackson put his trust in friends in his “kitchen cabinet” by 1831 Unofficial cabinet of political allies and a couple of actual cabinet members o Court cases and dealing with Native Americans also occupied Jackson’s time Southerners wanted control of Indian lands Indian Removal Act, 1830
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2008 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Lecture 3 - 10-23-07 1820s By 1828 the political system had...

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