Lecture 4 - Manifest Destiny o Phrase coined by John...

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Unformatted text preview: Manifest Destiny o Phrase coined by John OSullivan, 1845 o What does it mean? o God given right o Expansion across continent o Americas as special o American institutions as special o Sense of urgency to it o Associated with Democratic Party o Had already begun before OSullivan: Louisiana Purchase, 1803 Pacific Northwest rights, 1818 Adams-Onis Treaty, 1819 Texas annexation, 1845 o Americans moved to the West o Texas settlement Moses Austin, Stephen F. Austin American population in Texas grows Resentment toward authoritative Mexican government Cultural, ethnic differences Slavery Santa Annas army arrives in Texas Texas Congress declared independence on March 2, 1836 March 6, 1836, Alamo is stormed General Sam Houston pursued by Santa Anna Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 Texans defeat Santa Anna Treat of Velasco Texas wants to join the US US rejects overtures Texas annexation became a hot issue in 1844 President John Tyler wants to annex TX o Made a treaty for annexation o Senate rejects Tylers treaty Annexation became the central issue in the presidential election of 1844 o Whig Party: Henry Clay Too dangerous to annex Texas o Democratic Party: James K Polk For immediate re-annexation of Texas o Election also had a key third party: Liberty Party: James Birney Anti-slavery platform o Newspapers rallied around a pro or anti annexation of Texas o Tyler t ries for annexation by joint-resolution Bill finally passes House and Senate (reworked it) and House again Texas officially enters US on 12-29-1845 o Mexico is furious and recalls their ambassador from Washington, D.C. o Texas and Oregon set the stage for Polk First the Oregon question with Great Britain Policy had been joint occupation More Americans arrive in 1840s Oregon Trail 2,170 miles Free fertile land Willamette Valley, Oregon Country Wagon trains and trail guides American population grew in Oregon Pressure to settle the boundary Slogan becomes fifty-four forty or fight o Questions over Texas and boundaries Texas (and now US) claim the Rio Grande River Mexico claimed the Nueces River o John Slidell mission to Mexico Polk wanted to acquire California Offered to forgive debts owed to US citizens Offered to pay $25 million for territory Mexico does not welcome Slidell, he leaves o Disputed area? Polk sends General Zachary Taylor to the disputed area Taylor builds a fort across from Matamoros, Mexico, in April 1846 April 1846, US (disputed area) invaded by Mexico Small battle led to a big war Congress declared war in May 1846 o John C. Fremont in California Bear flag revolt Californios rebel against Mexico o Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848, ends war US gets present day American Southwest Mexico recognizes Rio Grande as border Mexico gets $15 million and US assumes debts...
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Lecture 4 - Manifest Destiny o Phrase coined by John...

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