Lecture Notes 2 - 9-20-07American Revolution•Revolution...

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Unformatted text preview: 9-20-07American Revolution•Revolution embodied liberty and freedom•What did it mean for everyone?oLandoVotingoRights oReligion•States wrote constitutions oStruggle between conservative and liberalsoWas the revolution radical or conservative?•Religious freedom?oRevolution broke down some religious prejudiceoDesire to separate church and stateoSome limits of state support for churches •State constitutions permitted more freedomoSome limitations still existedoLines between public and private are defined•Independent Black communities developedoAbolition is talked about in the revolutionDidn’t happenNorth is a little more open to the idea•Had a lot fewer slavesSouth wouldn’t hear of it•Social and economic aspects•Articles of ConfederationoFirst framework of American governmentoSend it to all states to approve ito1781-all states approve itoWeaknessesWeak central governmentNo presidentAll states had to have unanimous votes to pass legislationNo power to tax by the federal governmentCouldn’t control import/exports or interstate commerceGave federal government power to declare war but no army•Various states claimed lands from original colonial chartersoEventually states give over control of disputed land to federal governmentIn spirit of nationality•Land Ordinance of 1785oPay back debts•Northwest Ordinance of 1787oOutlined procedure for a territory to become a stateo5000 free voters – can create legislation with permissiono60,000 population – eligible to establish statehoodWrite constitution and submit to US government for approvaloAny state establish would come in at the same status as original 13 states•Economy of country is in a recessionoFederal government in debto13 different state economic systems•Daniel Shays – Shay’s RebellionoFought in American revolutionoFarmer by tradeoFarm threatened by foreclosureoDecides to take action/rebellionoTake action against Massachusetts governmentoState legislature was hesitant to do anything because they were sympathetic with the farmersWouldn’t call up state militia to stop itoFederal government couldn’t intervene because they didn’t have an armyoRebellion finally stopped by hired mercenary soldiers•George WashingtonoWas extremely powerful and influential at the timeoFavored changing up Articles after Shay’s RebellionoWent to constitutional convention in Philadelphia and convinced others to do so as well9-25-07US Constitution•Concern grew over the weaknesses of the Articles of ConfederationoConcern not shared by everyone, many liked the ArticlesoA series of meetings took place to discuss trade and economics•The helplessness of Congress to intervene alarmed many leadersoConcern grew of what a larger rebellion might dooGeorge Washington had not liked the idea of a stronger central government oAfter Shays’ Rebellion Washington changed his mind•Congress agreed to a convention in Philadelphia in 1787 to strengthen the Articles...
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2008 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Lecture Notes 2 - 9-20-07American Revolution•Revolution...

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