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Exam 1 - Reconstruction Lincoln's 10 plan o Lenient...

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1-10-08 Reconstruction Lincoln’s 10% plan o Lenient Johnson’s plan o Too lenient Congressional/Radical reconstruction o Least lenient o Split south up into 5 military districts Reconstruction ended w/ Compromise of 1877 o Kept Republicans in the White House o Democrats would not contest the election o Republicans withdraw federal troops from South o Keeping control over the White House and the president was more important to the Republicans than finishing Reconstruction o Ended Reconstruction Compromise of 1877 o Republican Party turned its back on African Americans in the South o More important for them to keep presidency than finish Reconstruction Didn’t realize that the power of the presidency was actually in decline New South Period in the South from 1877-1900 Changes in the South from the Old South o What were the changes? Change in economy o Lasting changes? o Significant changes? Abolishment of slavery Redeemers o White Democrats, fought against Federal Reconstruction o Ultimately gained political control in South o Wanted to improve South and establish some industry o Emphasized some Old South values White supremacy and segregation o Tried to “redeem” the South o Did achieve some success Industrialization and urbanization No massive urbanization Some industrial development did occur o Lumber, mining, etc…
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No large-scale immigration to the South o Nothing to entice the immigrants o North had more employment opportunities Industrial growth o Textiles Number of cotton gins increased by about 300% o Tobacco processing increased 1884 introduction of automated cigarette factory by James B. Duke American Tobacco Company o Railroad industry increased More track Standardized track More workers to build railroads More workers to operate trains 1880-1890 track in South doubled By 1900 about 22,000 miles of track Increases demand in lumber industry dramatically Much of it to provide for railroad industry Towns begin to develop around tracks Increase in iron mills and mining o Improvements marked a positive change for the South Southern manufacturing doubled from 1880 to 1900 Still only about 10% of national output o Income levels increased by 21% but was still only about 40% of northern income levels This is down from the 60% it had been 1860 o Most capital for industry in South came from foreign and northern investors Meant that many profits left the South Did not greatly improve southern economy o Agriculture remained the dominant way of life in South Large plantations are gone with Reconstruction and New South Rise of sharecropping and tenant farming Sharecropping was when a farmer worked an area of land for a land owner Would give owner a portion of the crops at harvest Land owners usually supplied seed and tools, sometimes living accommodations Many abuses in system led to perpetual poverty for many
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