Exam 1 - Reconstruction Lincoln's 10 plan o Lenient Johnson's plan o Too lenient Congressional\/Radical reconstruction o Least lenient o Split south up

Exam 1 - Reconstruction Lincoln's 10 plan o Lenient...

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1-10-08ReconstructionLincoln’s 10% planoLenient Johnson’s planoToo lenientCongressional/Radical reconstructionoLeast lenientoSplit south up into 5 military districtsReconstruction ended w/ Compromise of 1877oKept Republicans in the White HouseoDemocrats would not contest the electionoRepublicans withdraw federal troops from SouthoKeeping control over the White House and the president was more important to the Republicans than finishing ReconstructionoEnded ReconstructionCompromise of 1877oRepublican Party turned its back on African Americans in the SouthoMore important for them to keep presidency than finish ReconstructionDidn’t realize that the power of the presidency was actually in declineNew SouthPeriod in the South from 1877-1900Changes in the South from the Old SouthoWhat were the changes?Change in economyoLasting changes?oSignificant changes?Abolishment of slaveryRedeemersoWhite Democrats, fought against Federal ReconstructionoUltimately gained political control in SouthoWanted to improve South and establish some industryoEmphasized some Old South valuesWhite supremacy and segregationoTried to “redeem” the SouthoDid achieve some successIndustrialization and urbanizationNo massive urbanizationSome industrial development did occuroLumber, mining, etc…
No large-scale immigration to the SouthoNothing to entice the immigrantsoNorth had more employment opportunitiesIndustrial growthoTextilesNumber of cotton gins increased by about 300%oTobacco processing increased1884 introduction of automated cigarette factory by James B. DukeAmerican Tobacco Company oRailroad industry increasedMore trackStandardized trackMore workers to build railroadsMore workers to operate trains1880-1890 track in South doubledBy 1900 about 22,000 miles of trackIncreases demand in lumber industry dramaticallyMuch of it to provide for railroad industryTowns begin to develop around tracksIncrease in iron mills and miningoImprovements marked a positive change for the SouthSouthern manufacturing doubled from 1880 to 1900Still only about 10% of national outputoIncome levels increased by 21% but was still only about 40% of northern income levelsThis is down from the 60% it had been 1860oMost capital for industry in South came from foreign and northern investorsMeant that many profits left the SouthDid not greatly improve southern economyoAgriculture remained the dominant way of life in SouthLarge plantations are gone with Reconstruction and New SouthRise of sharecropping and tenant farmingSharecropping was when a farmer worked an area of land for a land ownerWould give owner a portion of the crops at harvestLand owners usually supplied seed and tools, sometimes living accommodationsMany abuses in system led to perpetual poverty for many

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