Exam 2 - Progressive Era o What is it? Concern Optimism...

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Progressive Era o What is it? Concern Optimism Environmentalism National in scope Diverse movement o Where did it come from? Concern by the people Populism Farmers Mugwumps Old, rich men Gentlemen reformers Philanthropic approach Socialist Party Muckrakers Wrote articles, books etc about negative aspects of the US Brought light to existing issues Individuals o Features Experts provided some leadership Professional societies…law, medicine, business, teaching Democracy increases Efficiency in business and government
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Regulation of big business Philosophies o Laissez-faire No government involvement o Socialism and Public Ownership Shared wealth o Trust-busting Break up monopolies and big corporations Need more competition and diversity o Accept big business Early efforts at the state level Regulatory commissions Railroad legislation Enforcement of existing legislation…anti-trust acts, ICC Social Justice Changing the man-made environment Wages, liquor, child labor, poverty Settlement Houses Jane Addams Fix the environment and fix the person Some labor reform out of this movement o National Child Labor Committee, 1904 Many states take the initiative: Set minimum ages National child labor law not passed until 1930s Sought to regulate hours of women who were wives and mothers
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Wanted legislation to protect workers Safety codes, accident insurance Triangle Shirwaist Company, New York in 1911 146 employees died in fire Many burned and others died jumping Fire brought stricter building codes Accident insurance Prohibition o Movement to do away with alcohol o Long-running battle against booze Women’s Christian Temperance Union Anti-Saloon League o Local and state success first South, Midwest, and West enacted laws o Amendment No.18 went into effect in 1920 Seen as a major step for progress Movement to also prohibit narcotics and cigarettes o Anti-cigarette league of America o Church and religious organizations supported these groups Teddy Roosevelt Cautious Progressive Often described as a “trust buster” Favored effective legislation for businesses Enforcement of existing legislation Saw himself as the broker between competing interests Northern Securities Company anti-trust case in 1902
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o Expedition Act, 1903 o Supreme Court broke it up in 1904 o Elkins Act, 1903, expanded powers of ICC TR and the coal strike, 1902 o United Mine Workers went on strike o TR threatened to send in troops o TR served as a broker between the two groups TR wins election in 1904 o More progressive o Hepburn Act 1906: more strength to ICC and expanded jurisdiction to oil pipelines, sleeping car companies o Food and Drug legislation Meat Inspection Act, 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act, 1906 TR and the environment
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2008 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Jeffreyschulze during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Exam 2 - Progressive Era o What is it? Concern Optimism...

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