We_wish_to_inform_you...[1] - Any assessment of the...

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2 Any assessment of the International Community’s reluctance to adopt swift plans for military intervention in Rwanda’s genocide quickly finds itself confronted with a chilling reality; major international leaders refused to acknowledge the moral and legal obligations they had to these victims of genocide. Instead, individual countries pursued their own interests by either ignoring the conflict all together, or evacuating their own citizens and expatriate employees, and unilaterally denying refuge to the Tutsis and moderate Hutus being exterminated (Human Rights Watch, 78). Time and distance offers us a unique perspective on the case of Rwanda. Standing atop the mountain of misguided policies and actions including; unheeded warnings to the UN, the United States’ efforts to inhibit humanitarian intervention, and the French government’s competing interests with both the RPF and the MRND, it is clear that complacency in the international community was tantamount to complicity in the proliferation of genocide in Rwanda. The utter lack of concern the International Community showed for the unimaginable degree of human suffering that existed in Rwanda, is not only an affront to the humanity of the victims of the genocide, but it undermines the entire system of human rights treaties and the moral and ethical justifications that authorize them. This unwillingness to validate Rwandan humanity has several very profound implications; not only on the prospect of future Human Rights Treaties and the Governments that choose to be signatories, but the process by which those treaties are monitored and implemented, and even the credibility of the United Nations as an apolitical institution whose chief mantle is ensuring the realization of human rights. In his evaluation of foreign governments and transnational institutions that could have intervened, but chose not to do so, Colonel Marcheal wrote: “ when people rightly point the finger at certain individuals presumed responsible for the genocide, I wonder if after all there is not another category for those responsible by omission” (Human Rights Report, 101). The lack of concern for the Genocide in Rwanda was astounding. The United States, France, and Belgium, the countries most involved with the violence in Rwanda, closely followed the rapidly deteriorating situation, and worked in conjunction with the UN to implement the Arusha Accords. The Arusha Accords, signed in 1993, was a peace treaty that seemed to address all the major issues plaguing the region; it outlined the establishment of the rule of law, a transitional institution to govern until
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3 elections could be held, the repatriation of refugees, the resettlement of displaced persons, and the integration of the two opposing armies (Gourevitch, 99). While the cease fire appeared to be an end to the violence and a glimmer of hope for the marginalized Tutsi, the reality is that this “victory” was only achieved after the World Bank, in concert with donor nations, threatened to suspend all funding to Rwanda if
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We_wish_to_inform_you...[1] - Any assessment of the...

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