(18) General Theory of Delinquency

(18) General Theory of Delinquency - Agnew (18) Major...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Towards A General Theory of Agnew (18)
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Overview of a General Theory of Major direct causes of individual delinquency l 1. four clusters l a. irritability/low self-control l b. poor parenting practices l c. negative school experiences l d. association with delinquent peers/gang members l 2. causes related to all major delinquency theories l Clusters relate to one another l 1. reciprocal effect l 2. affect other clusters
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Review of Theories/ Research
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Theories of Delinquency 1. strain theory focuses on stressful events that lead to delinquency l a. two major types of strain—failure to achieve positively-valued goals and loss of positive stimuli/presentation of negative stimuli l b. strain leads to negative emotions l c. delinquency used in an effort to cope with strain and negative emotions l 2. social learning theory focuses on associations with others that lead to delinquency l a. present beliefs favorable to delinquency l b. model delinquency l c. reinforce delinquency l 3. control theory focuses on controls
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4. labeling theory focuses on individuals with “delinquent” label l a. often rejected and treated in harsh manner l b. harsh/rejecting treatment increases delinquency l 5. explain life-course patterns of offending l a. adolescent-limited offending l b. life-course persistent offending l 6. describe situations conducive to delinquency l a. juvenile is provoked l b. drugs/alcohol are used
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Research 1. Individual traits l 2. family experiences
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(18) General Theory of Delinquency - Agnew (18) Major...

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