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(13) Individual Traits

(13) Individual Traits - What Impact Do Individual Traits...

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What Impact Do Individual Traits Have on Delinquency? Agnew (13)
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Introduction to Individual Traits Definition : relatively stable ways of perceiving, thinking about, and behaving toward the environment and oneself Certain traits increase likelihood of delinquency Clusters of related traits called “super-traits” l 1. low self-control composed of several specific traits l 2. debate over how many super-traits and
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What Traits Increase the Likelihood of Delinquency? Low verbal IQ Low self control irritability
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Low Verbal IQ Low verbal IQ l 1. individuals have trouble expressing themselves, remembering information, and thinking abstractly l 2. explaining how low verbal IQ increases likelihood of delinquency a. strain theory (1) increases strain by making it more difficult to achieve goals and by increasing likelihood of negative relationships with others (2) decreases likelihood of coping through legitimate channels b. social learning theory: reduces likelihood of reinforcement for conventional behavior c. control theory (1) leads to poor school performance, thus weakening one’s stake in conformity (2) reduces ability to foresee consequences of offending and to exercise self-control
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Low Self Control Low self-control l 1. consists of several specific traits a. impulsivity,
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