(14) Family and Delinquency

(14) Family and Delinquency - Agnew(14 All major...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Family and Delinquency Agnew (14)
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Introduction All major delinquency theories argue family influences whether juveniles engage in delinquency l 1. level of and reaction to strain l 2. learns to conform or deviate l 3. control to which subjected l 4. extent to which labeled l Research on family and delinquency focused on four major aspects of family l 1. family structure—size and composition of family l 2. parental and sibling deviance—extent to which parents and siblings engage in crime and deviant behavior
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Family Structure
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A. Broken homes argued by many to be major cause of delinquency l 1. broken homes cause delinquency for a number of reasons l a. juveniles are under strain due to conflict associated with breakup and other problems that follow breakup l b. juveniles are subject to less control because breakup disrupts emotional bonds and supervision l c. juveniles have less exposure to conventional role models l d. juveniles more likely to be labeled delinquent l 2. large percentage of juveniles now live in broken homes and are likely to suffer range of problems l 3. data on broken homes and delinquency are mixed l a. some studies find no difference between those from broken and intact homes l b. other studies, particularly those based on official data, find those from broken homes more likely to engage in delinquency l 4. conclude from overall data that broken homes have small to moderate effect on delinquency l 5. homes broken by divorce/separation have stronger association with delinquency than death of a parent l 6. broken homes versus quality of family relationships l a. effects of broken homes less than effects of
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