(16) Peers and Gangs

(16) Peers and Gangs - Agnew (16) How do delinquent peers...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Peers and Gangs Agnew (16)
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How do delinquent peers impact delinquency? Impact of Delinquent Peers
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Delinquent Friends Typically strongest correlate of delinquency l 1. association due to several causal effects l a. delinquent peers CAUSE delinquency l b. third variables cause both l c. delinquency CAUSES delinquent peers l 2. Elliott and Menard’s study shows common pattern of progression {16B9AE5 -7DAF-4072-A6F4-76F97B8A9B5E} Juveniles associate with mildly delinquent peers {4C176973-F 16-48C7-AC41-8 EA75CE7EAF} Association leads to minor delinquency {8185AC3A-BC80-428B-A3CB-E57AC 4A234 } ociation leads to more serious delinquency {CF15B26F-02F -406F-B48B-19F51E468ED2} Leads to associating with more delinqu
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Conditional Effects of Friends The following conditions strengthen the impact of delinquent peers on delinquency l 1. all friends are delinquent l 2. friends form cohesive group l 3. adolescent likes friends and spends a lot of time with them l 4. friends hold beliefs conducive to delinquency, approve of adolescent’s delinquency, and pressure adolescent to engage in delinquency l 5. effects explained by social learning theory
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Delinquent Peer Groups 1. types of delinquency l a. most commit minor delinquent acts on an occasional basis l b. some commit more frequent and serious delinquent acts l 2. size and composition l a . offending groups are groups that actually commit delinquent acts l (1) typical size is two to four juveniles l (2) usually commit offenses with different members of larger groups l b. accomplice networks are pool of potential co-offenders l (1) average size is about seven juveniles l (2) delinquent youths have larger networks
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Delinquent Peer Groups 3. group members typically similar in age and sex l a. most are male l b. peak at ages 15 to 18 l c. females more likely to be part of mixed- sex groups l 4. instigators and followers l a. instigators are same age or a little older than other group members l b. females are more likely to follow male
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2008 for the course CRJU 360 taught by Professor Spencer during the Summer '08 term at Northeastern.

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(16) Peers and Gangs - Agnew (16) How do delinquent peers...

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