exam 2 review

exam 2 review - Review for Exam 2 CHAPTER 3 PERCEPTION AND...

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Review for Exam 2 5/12/2009 C HAPTER 3: P ERCEPTION AND T RUTH P ERCEPTION 1) Definition a) psychological process by which we become aware of ordinary objects such as rocks, trees, and tables when our sense organs are stimulated b) relationship between the “knower” and the “known” 2) Perception Continuum—pg. 48 (from left to right) a) Realism (objects independent of the mind) b) Commonsense Realism (Naïve Realism) i) Thomas Reid—Scottish, 18 th Century ii) G.E. Moore—British, 20 th Century iii) When one experiences an object, they experience it exactly as it actually exists iv) Criticisms (1) Naïve—no explanation for dreams, hallucinations, or mirages c) Contemporary Realism i) E.B. Holt ii) W.B. Montague iii) External world is actually present and that it is open to human sensory experience iv) In the process of perceiving an object, the object isn’t changed v) Perception reveals to the human; that is, it is the process of making a connection between the nervous system and the outside world vi) Postulates 3 things (1) A world of objects (2) A conscious organism/ functioning brain (3) A natural process by which the object and the organism are connected vii)Criticisms (1) How can a physical event cause a mental event? (2) Answers based on inference from experience vary vastly
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Wheeler during the Spring '07 term at Towson.

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exam 2 review - Review for Exam 2 CHAPTER 3 PERCEPTION AND...

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