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philosophy of mind

philosophy of mind - the brain and that there is no...

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P HILOSOPHY OF M IND 1) Category-Mistake a) the mistake of taking a term or phrase that belongs in one logical or grammatical category and erroneously placing it in another category and then drawing absurd conclusions from that miscategorization b) proposed by Gilbert Ryle (1900-1976), the British ordinary language philosopher c) Examples: Alice in Wonderland i) “Just look along the road, and tell me if you can see either of them.” “I see nobody on the road,” said Alice. “I only wish I had such eyes,” the King remarked in a fretful tone, “to be able to see nobody! And at the distance too! Why it’s as much as I can to do to see real people, by this light.” 2) Mental Realm: Mind 3) Physical Realm: Brain 4) Physicalism : claims that the self is identical to, or the product of the activities of the body or
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Unformatted text preview: the brain and that there is no nonphysical aspects of a person. 5) Behaviorism : all statements about human activity, including statements about people’s so-called mental life, can be translated into statements about observable “behaviors” and, if not, can be shown to be either false or nonsense. 6) Identity Theory : treats mental events as real but claims that they are identical to brain events. Hence, when we talk about beliefs, pain, desires, we can reduce these terms to talk about brain states. ( Reductionism ) 7) Eliminativism : mentalistic or mind talk is so deeply flawed that it must be abandoned, because there is no hope of correcting our talk about beliefs and desires with our talk about brain states....
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