amerrevolution - Page 1 of 4 English Background 1 English...

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Page 1 of 4 English Background 1) English Civil War (1640’s) 2) Charles I (Stuart Monarch): claimed Divine Right of Kings (God made me royalty) 3) Religion and Government together a) Everyone despite religion had to pay tides to the Church of England and had to go to at least one service a year 4) Protestant Reformation 5) Roundhead Puritans capture and execute Charles I a) Parliament is placed as the sole governing body and England no longer a monarchy but rather a Parliamentary Republic b) Head of Parliament: Lord Protector ; Oliver Cromwell 6) Charles II asked to return to rule—rules for 25 years; nostalgic of monarchy 7) James II rules after Charles II died and marries a Catholic princess a) Son of James II is arranged to marry princess of Spain (Catholic) b) Parliament oust James II into exile for trying to bring back Catholicism c) Glorious Revolution (1688) : Parliament invites James II’s sister, Mary to rule with her husband William (Duke of Orange—Holland) and the King’s First— Prime Minister and Parliament Road to Revolution 1) Seven Years War (French and Indian War) : English wants to fight the other French Colonies to drive them out of North America; shows colonial support for the corwn a) 1755: General Braddock meets with governors of VA, NC, PA, MD, NY, and MA to plan attack on French b) 1769: French lose all of Canada with surrender of Montreal; French keep Montreal c) Effects i) Native Americans have animosity towards colonies ii) More people come over because there is more land to inhabit 2) Royal Proclamation of 1763 : no English settlers will cross the Appalachian Mountains 3) Writs of Assistance : the British military can search any ship at any time for smuggled goods 4) The Enlightenment : rational and scientific over the religious a) John Locke : lives in Britain during the 1600’s about the English Civil War i) Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Estate ii) Purpose of a government is to pursue property, and if one is not happy with one’s government, change it iii) Checks and balances b) Cato’s Letters ( John Trenchard ) and ( Thomas Gordon ): letters written to the people of London serially 1720-1723 in a journal compilation stating the following i) Freedom of conscious and freedom of speech ii) Limited government iii) Only purpose of government: protect the natural rights of its citizens 5) Acts enacted by England
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2008 for the course GHIST 225 taught by Professor H.gelfand during the Summer '08 term at James Madison University.

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amerrevolution - Page 1 of 4 English Background 1 English...

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