New Deal - Page 1 of 4 FDR and the New Deal(Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1 How FDR defined himself Democrat Christian Wilsonian(International

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Page 1 of 4 FDR and the New Deal (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) 1) How FDR defined himself: Democrat, Christian, Wilsonian (International Relations), gentleman 2) FDR’s ideas included: strong stand on public power, promise to reduce federal expenses, promise to balance the budget 3) Radio ( “Fireside Chats” ) 4) Brain Trust : businessmen, professors, historians that provided FDR with new ideas to get out of Depression a) Woman: Francis Perkins (Labor Secretary) 5) National Bank Holiday : closes every bank for the purpose of government inspection; were permitted to reopen after inspection 6) New Deal (1933-35) a) Alphabet Soup Legislation: legislation passed in FDR’s first 100 days in office b) Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) : government funding to stop planting crops because of oversupply; later S.C. rendered unconstitutional c) Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) : public works project through the ARMY; paid young men to conserve environment d) Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) : controversial and ambitious; build dams and power plants along the Tennessee River; brings electricity to seven different states e) National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) : stimulates production and prevents competition by setting up a series of codes for American industries; helps regulate prices, industrial output, general trade practices; controversial—some claimed communist/socialist aspects; failed—declared unconstitutional 7) Second New Deal (1935-37): major fundamental reform of society; not just relief of the symptoms of social and economic problems a) Fr. Charles Coughlin : Roman Catholic priest and political activist; “Golden Hour of the Little Flower” (Radio show); preached anti-communism, anti-capitalism, and anti- Semitism; Roosevelt “out Hoovered Hoover”; b) Huey Long (Governor of Louisiana)(aka “Kingfish”): nation’s wealth to be redistributed to the poor; assassinated by the son-in-law of a ruined political opponent i) Share-Our-Wealth Society : high income tax for those earning over $1mil; high tax on large amounts of inheritances; tax the rich to elevate the poor (Robin Hoods); free college education c) Works Projects Administration (WPA)
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2008 for the course GHIST 225 taught by Professor H.gelfand during the Summer '08 term at James Madison University.

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New Deal - Page 1 of 4 FDR and the New Deal(Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1 How FDR defined himself Democrat Christian Wilsonian(International

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