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HIST 105 exam 2 notes

HIST 105 exam 2 notes - History 105 Exam 2 Notes PART I In...

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History 105 Exam 2 Notes PART I: § In 1760 the English colonists stilled believed in a monarchy/hierarchy system of governing. § The colonists believed themselves to be Englishmen and to have the rights of Englishmen. In fact the colonists were more English than the citizens in England. § They bragged about their rights. § Many of them held radical Whigish thoughts because they were fearful of the King’s court and they balance of power inside of England. § They were very suspicious of the court of England and believed that in conspiracy issues. § Many other religious groups such as the Puritans, Germans, Quakers all came to the colonies so they could escape from persecution and other regulations that held them back. Convicts came to the colonies as well. § There was a level of deference within the colonies, or a level of social class lines, although much less than the level of deference in England. § Within the militia, they picked their own leaders, ministers were not appointed, and there was no established land nobility. § George Washington was a wealthy plantation owner who lived at Mount Vernon and only earned 300 pounds a year. § Early Garby (from Great Britain) was part of the nobility in England and earned 30- 40,000 pounds a year. A big gap between the wealthy in England and the wealthy in the colonies. § Most Americans owned their owned land. Many colonists also gained a surplus by producing more than needed and selling it. They made a profit to spend on luxuries. It was considered a “bread basket” where grain was produced and sold to Europeans. § Americans lived descent lives. It went from the Old World where the main point was to stop starvation to the New World where many had extra luxuries from producing a surplus. § This, however, made the colonists even more touchy and paranoid of their rights. § The elites in the colonies were not seen as equals like in England and its political cronies, and they resented the fact that they were not seen as equal. § The 7 Years War (1756-1763)- This is where Great Britain became the biggest dominance of the world by kicking the French out of North America and won over India. They owned the seas and set up an empire. They started to look down at the colonies. § Washington was turned down at Virginia which set up a conflict. § Britain, under William Pit, spent a lot of money, even deficit spending, during the 7 years war. He still won an empire, but put Britain in massive debt. The idea of winning at any expense was dominant. A result was that the colonies had to be regulated even more than before so they can serve the mother country. § After a debt had accumulated in 1763, Britain decided to take a firm hand on the
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colonies. They especially wanted to stop smuggling within the colonies. Britain was very suspicious and appointed Royal Governors to take the powers away from the assemblies.
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