HIST 105 exam 3 notes

HIST 105 exam 3 notes - History 105 Exam 3 Notes PART I:...

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History 105 Exam 3 Notes PART I: § Election of 1824 - John Quincy Adams was elected President after it was thrown into the House of Representatives. It was a result of a corrupt bargain. He had been a Senator, Secretary of State, and an ambassador to England and Russia. § He rubbed people the wrong way, he was not a lovable sort of guy. His wife was depressed and pushed their children too far. Their eldest son committed suicide and their second son failed out of Harvard. He was not a good politician. He was an elitist. He was a supporter of the American System which would promote domestic industry. Supported the Bank despite the Panic of 1819. § The election of 1828 between Adams and Jackson got real nasty. Adams was accused of living on the purse, that he had never lived an honest days work. He was also accused of offering up an American girl to the Czar’s pleasure; that he was a gambler. Jackson was accused of being a co-conspirer with Aaron Burr to form an independent country, and of committing adultery. Adams accused his wife of much worse, but she died before Jackson got into the White House. § Jackson’s appeal was to the common man, he was an ordinary man. Andrew Jackson would win 78 to 83 in the electoral vote and the popular vote 650,000 to 500,000. Although this indicates that common people did vote for Adams as well. § Jackson’s victory now indicated a 2 party system. The National Republicans (Whigs) and the Jacksonians (Democrats) which included the such white man’s democracy and the common man and farmer. The population of the United States was now 12 million. § Jackson was the first anti-federalist president. He was more of what the government CANNOT do, rather than what the government CAN do. He was focused on tearing down those things he could do. He believed the Constitution severely limited the National government. Had a strict interpretation of the Constitution and was a Nationalist, for the Union, not an anti-capitalist. It was an issue of fairness, quality of opportunity, you must be your own boss. Not about absolute equality, because distinguishes in society will always exist. Jackson was about fairness, many not be disadvantaged, what government cannot do, etc. § The industrial farmers believed that Jackson would fight for them. Saw it in his own story: Born to Scotts Irish settlers who were substance farmers. His father died in a logging accident before birth. He received some education. His mom was a minister in a Presbyterian church? Jackson fought the British. His older brothers died in either war or after being captured and imprisoned. He too was imprisoned and caught small pox. His brother died after the arrangement of his release. His mother caught cholera and died. He was orphaned at 14 years. He did inherit some money from his grandfather. He set himself up as a gentlemen, spent money on women/gambling, went bankrupt, so went back home. He heads towards Tennessee. He practiced law, was involved in duals, and bought his first slave. He represented land speculators by
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HIST 105 exam 3 notes - History 105 Exam 3 Notes PART I:...

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