MGMT 363 Test 3 Review

MGMT 363 Test 3 Review - MGMT 363 Test 3 Review. Ch 9, 10,...

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MGMT 363 Test 3 Review. Ch 9, 10, 11, 12 Chapter 9 – Personality and Cultural Values Personality – refers to the structures and propensities inside a person that explain his or her characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior o Personality captures what people are like. o Traits – recurring regularities or trends in people’s responses to their environment o Cultural values – shared beliefs about desirable end states or modes of conduct in a given culture, influence the expression of a person’s traits o Personality Determinants Nature Study of identical twins Genes Nurture Surrounding Experiences Stable over time The Big 5 Personality Traits o Conscientiousness – dependable, organized, reliable, ambitious, hardworking, and persevering. Biggest influence on job performance Conscientious employees prioritize accomplishment striving , which reflects a strong desire to accomplish task-related goals as a means of expressing personality o Agreeableness – warm, kind, cooperative, sympathetic, helpful, and courteous Prioritize communion striving , which reflects a strong desire to obtain acceptance in personal relationships as a means of expressing personality Beneficial in some positions but detrimental in others
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Agreeable people focus on “getting along,” not necessarily “getting ahead” o Extraversion – talkative, sociable, passionate, assertive, bold, and dominant Predicts managerial and sales performance Easiest to judge in zero acquaintance situations —situations in which two people have only just met Prioritize status striving , which reflects a strong desire to obtain power and influence within a social structure as a means of expressing personality Tend to be high in what’s called positive affectivity —a dispositional tendency to experience pleasant, engaging moods such as enthusiasm, excitement, and elation. o Neuroticism – nervous, moody, emotional, insecure, and jealous Not 100% stable, and become less over time Only 1 of the Big 5 with multiple names Synonymous with negative affectivity —a dispositional tendency to experience unpleasant moods such as hostility, nervousness, and annoyance Associated with a differential exposure to stressors Associated with a differential reactivity to stressors, meaning that neurotic people are less likely to believe they can cope with the stressors that they experience Strongly related to locus of control , which reflects whether people attribute the causes of events to themselves or the external environment Tend to hold an external locus of control , meaning that they often believe that the events that occur around them are driven by luck, chance, or fate o Psychics
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Less neurotic people tend to hold an internal locus of control , meaning that they believe that their own behavior dictates events o Openness to experience – curious, imaginative, creative, complex,
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MGMT 363 Test 3 Review - MGMT 363 Test 3 Review. Ch 9, 10,...

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