Part 1 - Part 1: The Beginning of Civilization Chap. 1-3 1....

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Part 1: The Beginning of Civilization Chap. 1-3 1. Prehistoric To Civilized Societies (Ch. 1) a. “Stone Age” Society i. Hunting—gathering to farming settlements ii. Stone and wooden tools to copper b. Religion i. Animism (25) : All nature is “alive” like humans ii. Pantheism : “God”/spirits inhabit nature iii. Magic : ritual or art to control nature and gods 1. Homeopathic : power infused based on likeness or imitation 2. Contagious : power transferred by contact c. Visual Arts i. Lascaux Cave (9) : art for sympathetic magic; control of the animals for the hunt (?) ii. Venus Figurines (13) : sympathetic and contagious magic for fertility of nature and humans d. Architecture i. Megalithic: massive stone structures. Larger = more power ii. Architecture: iii. Stonehenge (19): sacred space; imitation of celestial world (?) sun and moon for their power (?) e. Ingredients of “Civilized” Society i. Agriculture : irrigation and breeding of animals = surplus food ii. Cities
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Part 1 - Part 1: The Beginning of Civilization Chap. 1-3 1....

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