Part 3 - Huynh, Quoc July 2, 2008 HUM-2210 Dr. Evans Part...

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Huynh, Quoc July 2, 2008 HUM-2210 Dr. Evans Part 3: Pax Romana and Roman Legacy, Chap 8 1. Major Impact of Roman Society a. Government: i. Republic ( Res publica ) = rule by people (509-31 BC). Elected representatives ii. Forum = common plaza for meeting of governing assembly (258) Senate = aristocracy, landowners Plebian Assembly = small farmers, laborers iii. Pax Romana : Roman Peace (30 BC- AD 180) no major internal wars. b. Historic Leaders i. Julius Caesars as dictator, 46-44 BC. Assassinated by Brutus and Cassius ii. Octavian > Augustus (The Revered One) as 1 st emperor, 30 BC- AD 14 c. Cultural Impact on West i. Domination of Mediterranean = Cosmopolitanism: Latin culture & language as universal (favored by the gods) ii. City Planning: grid patter divides city into “blocks = STOIC, everything its predetermined place iii. Engineering: Concrete , aqueducts 2. Literature a. Seneca, “On Tranquility of Mind” (249) i. Stoic Philosophy
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ii. Happiness = tranquility = dispassionate life; living without
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Part 3 - Huynh, Quoc July 2, 2008 HUM-2210 Dr. Evans Part...

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