Chapter 18

Chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Stress, Coping, Adjustment, and...

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Chapter 18: Stress, Coping, Adjustment, and Health Models of the Personality-Illness Connection Interactional model o Objective events happen to a person, but personality determines the impact of events by influencing a person's ability to copy o Personality moderates the relation between stress and illness o Coping response influences degree, duration, and the frequency of a stressful event o Problem: Researchers are unable to identify stable coping responses that are consistently adaptive or maladaptive Transactional model o Personality has three potential effects Can influence coping Can influence how a person appraises events Can influence events themselves o Appraisal suggests that it is not the event itself that causes stress, but how the event is interpreted by a person o People don't just respond to situations, they also create situations through choices and actions Health behavior model o Personality does not directly influence the relation between stress and illness o Instead, personality affects health indirectly, through health promoting or health degrading behaviors model 1
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o Associations may exist between personality and illness because of a third variable that is causing them both o Association found between illness and personality because of some predisposition that underlies them both Illness behavior model o Personality influences the degree to which a person perceives and attends to bodily sensations, and the degree to which a person interprets and labels sensations as illness Most models of personality and illness include a key variable of stress Stress is not "out there" in our lives, representing something that happens to us Instead, stress lies in part in how we interpret and respond to those events Thus, stress lies "in between" the event and the person
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This note was uploaded on 07/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 3081 taught by Professor Graduateasst during the Summer '07 term at LSU.

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Chapter 18 - Chapter 18: Stress, Coping, Adjustment, and...

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