Chapter 17

Chapter 17 - Chapter 17: Culture and Personality...

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Chapter 17: Culture and Personality Introduction Several reasons personality psychologists believe it is useful to explore personality across cultures o Discover whether concepts of personality that are prevalent in one culture are also applicable in other cultures o Discover whether cultures differ in the levels of particular personality traits o Discover whether the factor structure of personality traits varies across cultures o Discover whether certain features of personality are universal Three key approaches to the interface of culture and personality: Evoked culture, transmitted culture, cultural universals Cultural Violations An Example Some aspects of personality are highly variable across cultures Other aspects are universal features are shared by people everywhere What is Cultural Personality Psychology? Culture: Local within-group similarities and between- group differences of any sort physical, psychological, behavioral, attitudinal Cultural differences also are termed cultural variations Cultural personality psychology has three goals o Discover principles underlying cultural diversity 1
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o Discover how human psychology shapes culture o Discover how cultural understandings shape psychology Three Major Approaches to Culture Evoked Culture Evoked culture refers to a way of considering culture that concentrates on phenomena that are triggered in different ways by different environmental conditions Two ingredients are needed to explain evoked culture o A universal underlying mechanism o Environmental differences in activation of underlying mechanisms Evoked Cooperation (Food Sharing) o Cultural differences in degree to which groups share food depend, in part, on external environmental conditions, notably the variance in the food supply o When variance in food supply is high, more sharing
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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17: Culture and Personality...

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