ch10-notes - CHAPTER 10 ACIDS AND BASES LaBrake Review what...

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1 CHAPTER 10 ACIDS AND BASES LaBrake Review what you know from Chapter 4 Arrhenius Theory – acid - substance that contains a H + in aqueous solution base – substance that contains the OH - group and produces OH - ions in aqueous solution Strong Acids and Strong Bases Strong electrolytes Ionize 100% in water (review your strong acids and bases)
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2 Acidic Solution or Basic Solution more more H + than OH -- OH - than H + ions are responsible for properties PROPERTIES OF ACIDS AND BASES Sour taste Bitter taste Litmus to red Litmus to blue React with acids to give H 2 Slippery feeling Neutralize bases Neutralize acids Electrolytes Electrolytes needed new theory H + + H 2 O Æ H 3 O + H + (aq) == H 3 O +
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3 Bronsted-Lowry Theory – acid – proton donor base – proton acceptor acid-base reaction - transfer of a proton from acid to base Ionization - strong acid in water - weak acid in water - weak base in water Conjugate acid-base pairs – two species that differ by a H +
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4 Auto-ionization of water Æ acid/base reaction (amphiprotic – capable of donating or accepting H + )
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ch10-notes - CHAPTER 10 ACIDS AND BASES LaBrake Review what...

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