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saccuzzosnotes - class notes - Medical Model I HEREDITARY...

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Medical Model I. HEREDITARY MODEL: Personality caused at Conception A. Inflexible 1. Kallman 2. Uses Correlational B. Flexible 1. Blueler/Meehl 2. Interactional a. Hereditary/sets limits b. Stress Diathesis Theory II. CONSTITUTIONAL MODEL: Focuses on end-products A. Sheldon: Morphology (body types) B. Escalona: Longitudinal Approach III. NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL B. Physiochemical 1. Neurotransmitter substance 2. LSD Studies ISSUE: What is intelligence? Saccuzzo PSY351 1
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CONFLICT MODELS – Chart 1 I. INTRODUCTION A. Common Features (applies to all) Follows medical disease model Assigns sick role Primary defect is anxiety B. Overview of Theorists Freud – Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic (sexual instincts) Jung – Other instincts/collective unconscious Adler – Social instincts/styles of life Horney – Feminist view/basic anxiety Ericksen – Positive instincts/stages of epiginesis Saccuzzo PSY351 2
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CONFLICT MODELS – Chart 2 I. LEVELS OF AWARENESS A. Consciousness B. Preconsciousness C. Unconsciousness Not a new idea Concept of repression II. COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY A. Id Inherited biological instincts Pleasure principle B. Ego Outgrowth Reality principle C. Super Ego Outgrowth of ego Conscience/value of parents Saccuzzo PSY351 3
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CONFLICT MODELS – Chart 3 III. PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT (energies of Id focus on different zones) A. Oral (0-1) Sucking Indulgent - optimistic/self-assured Ungratified - dependency Biting Frustration - aggression/hostility B. Anal (2-3) Attitudes toward authority Frustration - withholding/procrastinating - compliant/compulsive Indulgent – messy/untidy C. Phallic (3-5) Feelings toward parent of opposite sex Oedipal – concept of projection Electra – not as severe for girls D. Latency (6-12) Energies of the libido die down E. Genital (12-18) Mature sexuality Saccuzzo PSY351 4
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CONFLICT MODEL – Chart 4 IV. DEFENSE MECHANISMS A. Projection B. Reaction Formation C. Denial D. Repression E. Regression F. Sublimation V. EVALUATION OF FREUD G. Variation of psychoanalysis still in use H. Ideal of defense mechanisms valid I. Mainly historical J. Controversies Saccuzzo PSY351 5
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CARL JUNG A. Background 1. Retained Freud’s emphasis on instinctual drives 2. Hypothesized non-sexual instincts 3. Anxiety caused by non-sexual instincts 4. Rejected Freudian notion that conflict is inevitable B. Personality Theory 1. Collective unconscious 2. Archetypes – seek expression 3. Personal unconscious – analogous to Freud’s unconscious complexes 4. Ego: conscious mind C. Dream Interpretation Saccuzzo PSY351 6
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ADLER A. Background 1. Objected to emphasis on sex 2. Said we all have social interest 3. Said anxiety due to interpersonal situations B. Personality Theory 1. Social Interest – need to interact with environment
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saccuzzosnotes - class notes - Medical Model I HEREDITARY...

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