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Unformatted text preview: Language Development Theories of Language Acquisition
Language is Taught (Behaviorism) Skinner Support:
Variation in verbal fluency Fluency is correlated with parental responsiveness (the more you talk to your kids, the more they will learn. Limitation:
Doesn't explain novel sentences or over regularization "Me go store too!" "I satted down," "My feets too big" Theories of Language Acquisition
Language Learning is Innate (Nativist Norm Chomsky) Support:
All children worldwide learn the basics of language at about the same time. Over regularizations occur in all languages (use of -ed words) Specific areas of brain devoted to language comprehension (Wernickes area of brain) and production (Broca's area of brain). Theories of Language Acquisition
Social Needs Fosters Language Acquisition. The need for social interaction and communication fosters language development. (social interaction view) Support:
Infants are most attracted to social stimuli. (babies prefer people to objects) Infants are oriented to social interaction and emotional expressions. Vocabulary Development
Developmental Changes 200 words at age 2 10,000 words by age 6 Reasons for Changes Biological changes and social interaction Fast Mapping the process of hearing a word once or twice and then quickly defining it by categorizing it with other words. (rapid development of the schema) Beagle Collie Grammatical Development
Developmental Changes: Progression from simple sentences ("Me want milk") to more complex sentences ("May I have some milk, please."). Type of error that occurs: Over-regularization Application of regular grammatical rules to words that are exceptions. ("I satted down" "Look at how many teeths I have"). Reasons for Changes Maturation of the brain - Grammatical development Experience with language listening, speaking, feedback Importance of Social Interaction (Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory) Adults provide the scaffolding for advancing cognitive and language development. Scaffolding is what we want kids to learn and them internalizing it. Speak in a way you want your kids to. If you don't want them to say butthead then don't say it yourself. Conversations between adult and child is key to development. Best type that which is in the Zone of Proximal Development (Chapter 2, pgs 47-48). Zone that is not to tough, not to easy. Higher voice gets a babys attention easier than a lower voice. When these conversations are internalized by the child, they bring about changes in thinking and language. Importance of Social Interaction (Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory) New thinking and language is applied to problem solving and interactions with others (siblings, peers, other adults). Private speech is used when a task is difficult, confusing, or following errors. Actually start talking to themselves. Adults do this sometimes in a stressful or challenging situation. During the course of early childhood, private speech gradually gives way to internal speech. Talking to yourself internally. ...
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- Spring '08