L14 - Puberty and Growth Spurt Outline

L14 - Puberty and Growth Spurt Outline - Adolescence What...

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    Adolescence
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    What is Adolescence? Period of Transition from Childhood to Adulthood Nature of transition: Occurs between and something
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    Biological and Physical  Changes During Adolescence
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    Hormonal Processes The Brain: Hypothalamus The Endocrine System Pituitary Gland - Excretes: Growth Hormone (GH) Several Activating Hormones Thyroid Gland: Thyroxin Gonads --- Testes (testosterone) or Ovaries (estrogen) Adrenal Glands (Adrenal Androgens)
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    The Endocrine System
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    The Endocrine System Endocrine System  is  the  body’s “ Slow ” chemical  communication system.  Communication is carried out  by hormones synthesized by  glands.
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    When Do Changes Begin? Changes typically begin between ages 8 to 14 3 to 4 years after first visible signs, all major events are mostly complete An individual may get a little taller after this period Additional fat and muscle accumulate over the next 10 years
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    Factors Related to Changes. Gender Genes Body type (more fat, puberty earlier, delayed if individual has eating disorder or engaged in sports) Nutrition Health - Better the Nutrition and health, the earlier the changes Stress - speeds the process up Cultural Differences - Ethnicity, nationality
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    Effects of Hormonal Changes on 
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L14 - Puberty and Growth Spurt Outline - Adolescence What...

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