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Running head: ETHICS IN HEALTHCARE1Final Project: Ethics in HealthcareMaurice DavidHCA340: Managing in Health & Human ServicesInstructor Lilia ChavarriaJune 15, 2015
ETHICS IN HEALTHCARE2Final Project: Ethics in HealthcareHealthcare is, among other things, about making the right decision(s) for patients, while, at the same time, respecting their privacy and wishes, and this is where ethics plays a predominant role. Although in its most basic form, ethics is about the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by individuals and social groups, in healthcare, ethics is so much more. Ethics in healthcare serves as the “driving-force” for healthcare organizations and healthcare providers as it helps guide medical decisions, promote the primary concern in healthcare which is patient care, and increases public support for the medical profession in general. Ethics in healthcare also relates to, and, influences legal concepts. Needless to say, ethics in healthcare is avery “touchy” and complex topic. Therefore, this paper will analyze ethical as well as legal concepts in the healthcare industry, including federal regulations that are required of healthcare organizations to ensure the delivery of high quality healthcare that protects patient safety. As mentioned earlier, ethics serve as the “driving-force” for healthcare organizations and this is because healthcare professionals frequently encounter difficult decisions and judgement calls. For example, healthcare professionals often face complex ethical dilemmas in the workplace such as decisions about end-of-life-care, organ donation, patients’ rights, birth control,and abortion (Murray, 2010); just to name a few. Moreover, obviously, in the healthcare industry,patients are the center of attention and any decision related to their health can (will) have an impact on their lives. Therefore, patients trust healthcare professionals with their lives and depend on them to make the best decision as it relates to their health. This is one reason healthcare professionals frequently encounter ethical dilemmas and must base their decisions and/or actions on ethical standards. This is also why healthcare organizations must establish ethical standards so that their employees (healthcare providers) can model those standards. By doing so, all the decisions made within healthcare organizations can be made on the basis of an
ETHICS IN HEALTHCARE3effective ethical foundation. This causes ethical dilemmas to become less than a dilemma as guidelines for actions are pre-established. This also make decision-making processes easier and patient care more effective in healthcare organizations while also gaining the public’s support.There are four ethical principles that healthcare providers rely on to help guide their reasoning and decision-making processes, and they are patient self-determination (respect for autonomy), beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice. Patient self-determination or respect for