Notes and study guide for midterm exam 08

Notes and study guide for midterm exam 08 - Cocaine is a...

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Cocaine is a stimulant. Cocaine is produced from the plant species Erythroxylon coca. Crack or rock cocaine is produced by heating powder cocaine, water, and baking soda. The psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is THC. Up until 1903, Coca-Cola contained 60 mg of cocaine per 8-ounce serving. Nearly 98% of the world’s cocaine is produced by Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia. The United States is the world’s largest consumer of cocaine. Although crack cocaine is one of the most addictive drugs available one does not becomes addicted to it after one “hit.” Neuropsychological testing has suggested that chronic use of cocaine might cause moderate to severe brain damage in adults. Cocaine bugs” is a hallucinatory experience wherein the person feels as though bugs are crawling on or under his/her skin. Cocaine may exacerbate the medical symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome and Tardive dyskinesia. Young adults aged 18 – 22 enrolled full-time in college were more likely than their peers not enrolled full-time in college to use alcohol, binge drink, and drink heavily in 2005.
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