Final Exam Guide

Final Exam Guide - Korean 50 Final Study Guide ID...

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Korean 50 Final Study Guide ID Questions: * Village Code (Community Compact or Hyangyak ) – Hyangyak was organized as the self-governing autonomy of a village, and had a certain village code to keep harmony in decision making between members, who usually drew up a document dealing with members, principles, and punishment. This is valuable material for studying the vivid life of local people in the country. It served to promote community spirit and a sense of shared responsibility for community welfare in pre-modern Korean society. It emphasized four objectives: mutual encouragement of morality, mutual supervision of wrong conduct, mutual decorum in social relationships, and mutual succor in time of disaster or hardship. (wikipedia, google, p.138, 141) early 1500’s * Northern Learning School late 17 th century to the early 19 th century Sirhak * The Kanghwa Treaty 1876 - ended Korea’s centuries of isolation by signing a treaty of amity w/ Japan. Korea agreed to open two ports, and granted Japan the right to survey its coast. * The Progressive Coup of 1884 – In 1884, hostilities broke out between France and China over Vietnam, and the Progressives viewed this as an opportunity to drive the Chinese presence out of Korea. They rushed with a detailed plan for a coup and succeeded in recruiting So Chae-p’il, who had returned from study at a Japanese military academy, into the core group of conspirators. The Coup d’Etat of 1884 occurred on December 4, 1884 at a banquet in celebration of the new Postal Administration hosted by Hong Yong-sik. The coup failed and created a major setback for Japan’s forward policy in Korea. (p.210-211) * Tonghak Peasant Uprising * The Kabo Reform (Reform of 1894) * Independence Club – It was founded on July 2, 1896 by So Chae-pil. This club was initially was headed by opportunistic reform politicians of pro-Western and pro-Japanese background. It was established to carry out two modest but symbolically important projects: to erect an Independence Gate on the recently razed site of the Yongun Gate and to renovate the “Hall of Reverence for China”, and to build there an Independence Hall and Independence Park. As the Independence Club transformed itself into a citizens assembly, however, it went beyond such symbolic activities and began to initiate direct social and political programs. (p. 232-236)
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* Defending Orthodoxy and Rejecting Heterodoxy * Eastern Way and Western Implements * Company Law – This law of 1911 required Government-General approval for the formation of private and public corporations. Few Korean entrepreneurs obtained such approval. Japanese companies still had a distinct advantage over Korean and other foreign competition. Strong ties to the colonial administration and easier access to financing provided the edge. With the Company Law and removal of most tariffs in 1920, there was increased Japanese investment in the Korean economy. (p.272, 309) * March First Movement * Washington Treaty System (with respect to East Asia)
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Final Exam Guide - Korean 50 Final Study Guide ID...

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