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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 127 Abnormal Psychology April 14, 2008 Lecture 5 Q&A Session: 4/22/08 5-7pm Franz 3534 Phobias o Panic, panic attack o Panic disorder Unexpected panic attacks, anxiety of possibility of another attack, implications if there is another attack With or without agoraphobia avoidance and feels unsafe when they think a panic attack is going to occur With: sever unexpected panic attacks feel loss of control or endangered, dont feel the circumstances (open places) that they are under control o Can be independent of panic attacks (avoid situations or endure them with a lot of distress) Very common 3.5% of a lifetime diagnosis of panic disorder, 2/3 with panic disorder are women, mean age 25-29, reason in women because of gender socialization and alcohol use if women are scared they want a man there to protect them (seeing the behavior in women is easier than men), after puberty, not among elderly quite as much even if we see agoraphobia, seen across the world (culturally) rates are similar across different culture and ethnic groups, 60% with panic disorder also have nocturnal panic attack 1:30am-3:30pm (during delta wave sleep deepest sleep but not dream period), African American have different sleeping patterns which puts them more in danger of having nocturnal panic attacks Causes of Panic Disorder Psychological and biological vulnerability (hyper people) + stress = may learned response People tend to catastrophize tend to see things as dangerous when it is not How to treat (with agoraphobia) Medications SSRI Psychological - cognitive behavior therapy (the best and very effective 80- 100% after 12 sessions are done) o Gradual exposure exercises o PCT (panic control treatment) many exposures to panicking situations whether it is pictures or video, they want to address your attitude or perception of what the danger is, relaxation and breathing techniques retraining Medication + Cognitive behavior therapy many people think this is the best treatment Phobias o Different from anxiety disorder (specific objects, animals, or situations) o Uneasiness or discomfort o Extreme and erratic fear with the inability to function Ex. fear of jello haha funny, but if you go to the supermarket and ask for the aisle of the jello and they say aisle 6, you stay away from aisle 6 o People or friends tend to go along with it and the people with the disorder know they have it Ex. I know this is crazy but I am afraid of jello, your friend will just not bring jello to parties o 4 different subtypes of phobias: Person who are suffering from blood injury injection phobia person has a drop in heart rate and blood pressure and feel as if they are going to faint...
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- Spring '07
- Abnormal Psychology