Geog 140 Lecture 7

Geog 140 Lecture 7 - Lecture 7, October 17, 2007 [Week 3]...

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Lecture 7, October 17, 2007 [Week 3] Imperial Geopolitics[contd from previous lecture] *political vs. cultural Tibet [smaller area vs. larger] -politically and culturally fractured -China promotes emigration to Tibet -worries that Tibet will be overrun by Chinese cultural -Chinese settlers get taxbreaks -imperialism -Dalai Lama -for reconciliation -Tibet was a feudal system Friedrich Ratzel -[1844-1904] and the Organic State Theory -“Father of Modern Political Geography” -His classic writing was Politisch Geographie [1896] he compared the State with an Organism -Darwinism thoughts enter political arena -kind of birthplace of political geography -The Organic State Theory 1) The state tied to the natural environment 2) States need Lebensraum [living space] and resources; like organisms, states must grow or die. 3) States live through stages of birth, adolescence, maturity and old age -US: adolescence 4) States grow by absorbing other small states. 5) The ‘Skin’ of the State is the frontier and reflects the strength of the State and is not permanent. 6) Civilized cultures tend towards large states and “Primitive” Cultures tend to have small States. -Guilt by association with the German Nazi Party who used his thinking to justify their territorial expansion and ethnic cleansing. -Critiques
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Geog 140 Lecture 7 - Lecture 7, October 17, 2007 [Week 3]...

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