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American Government and Politics Final Exam

American Government and Politics Final Exam - American...

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American Government and Politics Final Exam adversarial system the system of law that relies on the skill of each advocate representing his or her party's positions and involves a neutral person, usually the judge, trying to determine the truth of the case. advice and consent Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote. Article III powers laid out in Section 1 o Number of courts explicitly requires "one" Supreme Court, but does not fix the number of justices that must be appointed to it. The number of justices has been fixed by statute, and at present the number is nine: one chief justice and eight associate justices. The Supreme Court is the only federal court that is required by the Constitution, but Congress may create additional courts at their discretion. o Tenure Federal judges, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, hold their office "during good Behavior". They lose their seat only for three reasons: death, resignation, or impeachment. o Salaries The compensation of judges may not be decreased, but may be increased, during their continuance in office powers laid out in Section 2 o specifies the subject-matter jurisdiction of the federal courts and requires trial by jury in all criminal cases, except impeachment cases. bicameral the practice of having two legislative chambers blanket primary
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In a blanket primary voters may pick one candidate for each office without regard to party lines budget resolution Legislation in the form of a concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget. The budget resolution establishes various budget totals, divides spending totals into functional categories, and may include reconciliation instructions to designated House or Senate committees. capture theory of regulation When an industry is regulated, the capture theory argues that it will be the industry's market leader that benefits. Theory describing how some regulated industries come to benefit from government regulation and how some regulatory commissions come to represent the industries they are supposed to regulate rather than representing “the people” casework services performed by legislators or their staff on behalf of individual constituents closed primary a type of direct primary limited to registered party members who have declared their party affiliation, in order to vote in the election cloture The only procedure by which the Senate can vote to place a time limit on consideration of a bill or other matter, and thereby overcome a filibuster concurring opinion a written opinion by some of the judges of a court which agrees with the majority of the court but might arrive there in a different manner conference committee
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American Government and Politics Final Exam - American...

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