POS201AmericanGovtStudyGuideExam1Spring2008

POS201AmericanGovtStudyGuideExam1Spring2008 - POS 201...

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POS 201 American Government Spring 2008 Exam I Study Guide Exam Date: Wednesday, February 20 th Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For Exam I 10 th Amendment : The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. The 10 th amendment was seen as the reservoir of reserved powers for state governments. If the national government had been limited only to expressed powers in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution, this would have been the case. But the doctrine of implied national government powers, which was established by the US Supreme Court in McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819, made the intent of this amendment almost meaningless. What reserved powers that were retained by the states were virtually removed by the US supreme court decision in the Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority case in 1985, which basically told state/local governments not to look to the courts to protect their residual rights but rather to their political representatives. In subsequent cases, the USSC has retreated somewhat from this position when the court found the federal government encroaching in state jurisdiction areas. American Dilemma, The : Equality did not include slaves. Types of slaves - Legal equality (money can buy) - Political equality (money talks; better chances of winning) Change in the US is not revolutionary, it is incremental Political equality + incrementalism - 1787 -1820 (voting – white male landowners) - 1820 – 1870 (white male) - 1870 – 1920 (all men) - 1920 – 1964 (poll taxes; male and female) - 1964 – 1971 (18 year olds the legal right to vote) Equality of opportunity vs. equality of result 1
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Suggested Study Guide Topics/Terms For Exam I Articles Of Confederation * Reasons why a new constitution was necessary: Weakness’ of: 1. Structural weakness of the AOC: No real executive Part-time unicameral legislation No independent judiciary 2. Lack of critical powers: No power to tax No power to raise national security (army or navy) No power to regulate interstate commerce Major issues associated with deficiencies of the AOC: 1. Potential national bankruptcy 2. No effective way to combat internal/external national security concern
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2008 for the course POS 201 taught by Professor Brezenski during the Spring '08 term at St. Thomas FL.

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POS201AmericanGovtStudyGuideExam1Spring2008 - POS 201...

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