POS 201 Final Review.

POS 201 Final Review. - POS 201 Final Review Adversarial...

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Adversarial system: Method of decision making in which an impartial judge or jury or decision maker hears arguments and reviews evidence presented by opposite leaders Advice and consent: The constitutional power of the US Senate to reject or ratify (by a two- thirds vote) treaties made by the president. Article III: Powers laid out on Section 1: This section establishes the judicial branch in very general terms. It specifically provides only for the Supreme Court. Congress is given the responsibility to flesh out the court system. It initially did so the Judiciary Act of 1789, when established 13 district courts (one for each state), and 3 appellate courts. All federal judges hold their offices for life and can only be removed for breaches of good behavior- a very nebulous term. Federal judges have been removed for drunkenness, accepting bribes, and other misdemeanors. To date, no justice of the US Supreme Court had ever been removed. The salary of federal judges is set by congressional act, but can never be reduced. Although the American Bar Association and the Federal Bar Association consider federal judges’ salaries inadequate, most Americans would probably disagree. Federal district judges earn $165,200/ year, appellate judges $174,000, and Supreme Court justices $203,000. The Chief Justice is paid $212,100. These are lifetime salaries, even upon retirement. Powers laid out on Section 2: This section establishes the original and appellate jurisdiction of the US Supreme Court. With the Congress of Vienna’s 1815 establishment of “diplomatic immunity”, the US Supreme Court no longer hears cases involving ambassadors. Since 1925, the Supreme Court no longer hears every case on appeal but can select which cases it will accept, which is now only about 150 cases per year. This section also establishes the right of trial by jury for federal crimes. Bicameral: Any legislative body that consists of two separate chambers or houses; in that US, the Senate represents 50 state wide voter constituencies, and the House of Representatives represents voters in 435 separate districts. Blanket Primary: It is a system used for selecting political party candidates in a primary election in the USA.Voters are not required to affiliate with a political party and may vote for any candidate on the ballot. The candidate from each political party who receives the most votes in the primary advances to the general election. For instance, a voter might select a Democratic candidate for governor and a Republican candidate for senator. It differs from the open primary – in open primaries voters may pick candidates regardless of their own party registration, but may only choose among candidates from a single party of the voter's choice. Budget Resolution:
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POS 201 Final Review. - POS 201 Final Review Adversarial...

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