study guide exam 3

study guide exam 3 - Chapter 7 Consciousness: our awareness...

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Chapter 7 Consciousness: our awareness of our environment and ourselves Controlled Processes: require alert awareness, attention, and interfere with ongoing activities – performed serially and slowly Automatic Processes: occurs with little awareness, requires minimal attention, and do not interfere much with other activities – performed in parallel, performed quickly, and can become automatic with practice Serially: one process at a time In Parallel: more than one process at a time Daydreaming Young adults spend 1/3 of waking life daydreaming Fantasy Prone Personalities: Someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vividness and spends a considerable amount of time fantasizing 4% of population spend about half of waking life daydreaming People with fantasy prone personalities spend 50% of their time fantasizing Hypnosis : a social interaction in which one person (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behavior will spontaneously occur Hypnotic Induction : a set of activities designed to 1. Minimize external distractions 2. Encourage concentration on only the suggested stimulant 3. Encourage the belief that the subject is about to enter a special state of consciousness Features of hypnosis 1. Enriched fantasy 2. Cognitive passivity 3. Hyper-selective attention 4. Reduced reality testing Some Phenomena 1. Anesthesia 2. Hallucinations (smell, hear, see things that don’t exist) 3. Age regression (ex. Birdie Murphy- Past life and details of childhood) 4. Enhanced memory 5. Post hypnotic suggestion - a suggestion made during a hypnosis session to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized (e.g. soup equals open window) 6. Disinhibition - doing things that you normally wouldn’t do Do major brain changes in the brain state occur during hypnosis? No 2 views on Hypnosis: Social influence theory - Hypnosis as role-playing Subjects act as they think hypnotized subjects are supposed to act NOT faking but playing a role
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Evidence: Can get hypnotic phenomena without hypnosis Hypnotic-enhanced memories are often wrong No demonstrated major change in the brain state during hypnosis Hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness- Evidence: Some things hypnotized subjects do cannot be performed by non-hypnotized subjects Some brain changes do occur Neo-dissociative theory- (Ernist Hilgard)- during hypnosis our consciousness divides into two different streams 1. Part of our consciousness aware of hypnosis and the outside world 2. Hidden observer - a hypnotized subject’s awareness of experiences that go unreported during hypnosis Sleep and Dreams: Biological Rhythms- periodic fluctuation in physiological functioning Kinds in humans: 1. 90 min: alertness, daydreaming 2. 24 hour cycle: sleep, body temp 3. 28 day cycle (women) 4. Yearly cycles (seasons) Circadian Rhythms- 24-hour biological cycles We tend to go to sleep as body temperature falls
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2008 for the course PSYC 1001 taught by Professor King,brett during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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study guide exam 3 - Chapter 7 Consciousness: our awareness...

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