Text study guide

Text study guide - Chapter 15 Sexually Transmitted Infections STIs The Most Common Reportable Infectious Diseases Incidence number of new cases

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Chapter 15: Sexually Transmitted Infections: STIs: The Most Common Reportable Infectious Diseases: Incidence – number of new cases Prevalence – total number of cases STI: two types: 1. Bacterial = curable 2. Viral = incurable but treatable 4 STIs must be reported: 1. Gonorrhea 2. Syphilis 3. Chlamydia 4. AIDS By age 24 at least 1/3 sexually active ppl will contract an STI Who Is Affected: Disparities Among Groups: Gender Disparities: Women are more likely to get one/ have greater damage than men Transmitted more easily from man to woman “biological sexism” – women more likely to get one when exposed Warm/moist uterus is ideal for growth of STIs Long term effects for women: Pelvic inflammatory disease Ectopic pregnancy Infertility Cervical cancer Chronic pelvic pain Lesbian women at greater risk of bacterial vaginosis (still have sex with men and spread disease) Age Disparities: 2/3 of all new cases occur in ppl 15-24 (1/4 under 20) Racial: Higher rates among blacks, Native Americans, and Latinos Factors Contributing to the Spread of STIs: Behavior: Sex at early age Multiple partners High-risk partners High-risk sex behavior Inconsistent and incorrect condom use Substance abuse Sexual coercion Lack of knowledge of and concern about STIs Social: Poverty and Marginalization 1
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Access to health care Secrecy and moral conflict about sex Biological: Asymptomatic nature of STIs Resistance to treatment or lack of a cure Other bio factors o Adolescent women more susceptible for Chlamydia and gonorrhea because of an immature cervix o Men – uncircumcised penis leads to increased risk in STI Principle STIs: Chlamydia: Most common STI in US affects more than 3 million Properties of both bacterium and virus Affects urinary tract and reproductive organs for both sexes Most common among young women Responsible for 80% of cases for tubal infertility Called the “silent disease” Epidymitis: chlyamydia-related inflammation Gonorrhea: 2 nd most common bacterial STI (affects 650,000 Americans) Called “the clap” or “the drip” Transmitted during vaginal intercourse, intercourse or oral sex Men experience symptoms more readily Can be passed on to infant during child birth Urinary Tract Infections (NGU/NSU): Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) or non specific urethritis Syphilis: Estimated 70,000 cases annually Rooted in urban areas Increase in 2001 – related to sex between gay me T. pallidum : bacterium that survives in moist genitals Spread through vaginal, anal, and oral contact Mother can pass it to fetus Stages: o Stage 1: Primary syphilis: 1 week to 4 months after contact w/ infected partner. Bump turns into a round, painless sore called Chancre (where bacteria enters). This will disappear in 3-6 weeks w/out treatment, but the STI remains in body. o
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2008 for the course SOCY 1006 taught by Professor Walden during the Fall '08 term at Colorado.

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Text study guide - Chapter 15 Sexually Transmitted Infections STIs The Most Common Reportable Infectious Diseases Incidence number of new cases

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