Chapter 6 Notes - Chapter 6: Food Expressing...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Food Expressing Experience G32:   XP  pp.368-369 This construction is used to express past experiences, with a meaning, of to have (done something) before, to have (done something) once or literally, to have the experience of having (done something). ta-form of a verb + XP ( X P * ) Examples: XP  XP*   polite Have you even eaten Thai food? 8P * Yes, I have. À No, I havent. You can express a lack of experience by using the negative forms of  . Example:  Eì Ø*     plain negative I have never eaten such delicious sushi. Commonly used adverbs for expressing experience : years ago  Up to now À Once  Never, not once  Many times  Not yet  + negative Examples:   ˜ Eì Ø *  µ * ˆ D Ive met Ms. Brown before five years ago. ˆ µ  ( )˜ EìØ *  µ * ˆD Have you ever studied a foreign language? ˆD4 * UsåØ * H Ø Have you ever eaten Mexican food?   ˆµ Yes, once.   ˆµ * No, not ever.   ˆµ * ˆµ  No, I havent eaten it yet. Note: You cannot use words indicating the recent past with this construction. Example:  Eì Ø*  (ungrammatical) I have watched TV yesterday . (ungrammatical) Expressing a Desire:       and   G33p374 In Japanese, there is no single verb meaning to want as in I want a new car. Instead there are two constructions, depending on who is doing the wanting Expressing ones own desire (1st Person):   (i-adj ) Perso n  + Thin g  +  3rd Persons Desire:   long term desire ˜ µ *  current desire (Class 1 verb) Perso n  + Thin g  + fi¾ Examples:   *    I want a new car.        *  Mr. Hayashi wants more books. Notice that the object of desire is marked with  in sentences using the predicate  and with  in those using  .   In Japanese, different grammatical constructions are needed when describing your own emotional state as opposed to that of others. To describe someone elses emotional state, you can attach  to the root of an adjective to mean has the appearance of or appears to (be) . Example: * I am lonely....
View Full Document

Page1 / 17

Chapter 6 Notes - Chapter 6: Food Expressing...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online