(21) Juvenile Court and Corrections

(21 Juvenile Court - Juvenile Court and Corrections Agnew(21 I Juvie Court A Major goals 1 shift in focus from rehabilitation to increased emphasis

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Juvenile Court and Corrections Agnew (21)
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I. Juvie Court A. Major goals 1. shift in focus from rehabilitation to increased emphasis on direct control through accountability and punishment 2. reasons for shift in focus a. doubts about effectiveness of rehabilitation b. conservative shift in political ideology (1) conservative politicians aggressively attacked rehabilitation and prevention programs (2) aided by extensive and often biased coverage of crime in news media and entertainment industry
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B. Number and types of cases handled in 1999 1. extent of delinquency cases a. 1.7 million cases (1) 5.7 cases for every 100 juveniles age 10 and older (2) many juveniles handled more than once in given year and each counted as separate visit b. 27% increase in number of cases between 1990 and 1999 c. 11% increase in rate of cases (1) 25% increase in rate between 1990 and 1996 (2) 11% decline in rate through 1999 2. types of crimes a. about 42% for property crimes b. 23% for public order offenses c. 23% percent for violent crimes d. 11% for drug offenses 3. characteristics of juveniles in delinquency cases a. 76% male b. 16- and 17-year-olds had rates 20 times higher than 10-year- old juveniles c. African Americans 2.2 times higher than whites
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4. sample of status offense cases formally processed between 1990 and 1999 a. examined four major status offenses (1) running away (2) truancy (3) incorrigibility (4) underage liquor law violations b. males (1) 39% of the runaway cases (2) 54% of the truancy cases (3) 55% of the incorrigibility cases (4) 70% of the liquor law violations
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C. Major stages in juvenile court process 1. referral to juvenile court a. most referrals are made by police (1) 84% in 1999 (2) officer provides court staff with complaint b. parents, victims, school officials, probation officers, and others make remaining referrals 2. intake screening a. intake officer usually interviews juvenile and parents b. main purpose to gather information about case and decide what to do with juvenile c. number of factors considered in making decisions about a case (1) strength of evidence (2) seriousness of offense (3) prior record (4) concern of parents and actions they plan to take (5) age and attitude of juvenile (6) complainant wishes d. decisions on how to handle cases referred to juvenile courts in 1999
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This note was uploaded on 07/09/2008 for the course CRJU 360 taught by Professor Spencer during the Summer '08 term at Northeastern.

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(21 Juvenile Court - Juvenile Court and Corrections Agnew(21 I Juvie Court A Major goals 1 shift in focus from rehabilitation to increased emphasis

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