StudyGuideCh2 - Study Guide Ch 2 1 Identify the three...

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Study Guide – Ch. 2 1. Identify the three requirements for using the scientific method of psychology. The three requirements for using the scientific method are making observations in a systematic way, following strict rules of evidence, and thinking critically about that evidence 2. Distinguish between theories and hypotheses. Theories are tentative explanations of facts and relationships in science while hypotheses are predictions based on a theory that is tested in a study. 3. List four descriptive methods used in psychology and give a brief description of each. Survey Method- the asking of questions to a representative sample of the population Naturalistic Observation- observing behavior in their everyday life settings Clinical Method- observing the behavior of people receiving therapy Correlation Studies- determines the relationship between variables using their strength and direction 4. Explain the statement: “Correlation does not necessarily mean causation.” Finding out that two variables are related or ‘correlated’ doesn’t necessarily mean that one influences the other in a causal way 5. Distinguish between dependent and independent variable. Use your own words to show
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This note was uploaded on 07/10/2008 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Anderson during the Spring '08 term at Iowa Central Community College.

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StudyGuideCh2 - Study Guide Ch 2 1 Identify the three...

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