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Why did Germany need a new government in 1918?
Friedrich Ebert became the new democratically elected leader of Germany.Ebert wasleader of the Social Democrats, the largest party in the Reichstag.How was the Weimar Republic governed?
3appointedneeded the support of more than half ofwas elected byTHE WEIMAR CONSTITUTIONTHE PRESIDENTElected every seven yearsControlled the armed forcesStayed out of the day-to-day running of the countryIn an emergency he could make laws without going through the Reichstag(Parliament).THE CHANCELLORResponsible for the day-to-day running of the countryChosen from the Reichstag by the PresidentLike a Prime Minister.THE REICHSTAG (Parliament)Voted on new lawsMembers elected every four years, through a system called PR (proportionalrepresentation).This system gave small parties a chance to have a say inParliament.THE GERMAN PEOPLEElected the President and the members of the ReichstagAll men and women over the age of 20 could voteAll adults had equal rights and the right of free speech.
4The ‘stab in the back’ mythThroughout the First World War the Germanpublic had been told that their country waswinning.As far as the majority of Germans wereconcerned, the German army was advancing andvictory was possible.So when the Kaiser fledand Germany surrendered in November 1918, theGerman people were shocked.People were verybitter and looked for someone to blame.Asimple explanation for the defeat quickly spread.