22 Apr Germany exam booklet - Weimar and Nazi Germany 1 Why...

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1 Weimar and Nazi Germany
Why did Germany need a new government in 1918?
Friedrich Ebert became the new democratically elected leader of Germany. Ebert was leader of the Social Democrats, the largest party in the Reichstag. How was the Weimar Republic governed?
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3 appointed needed the support of more than half of was elected by THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION THE PRESIDENT Elected every seven years Controlled the armed forces Stayed out of the day-to-day running of the country In an emergency he could make laws without going through the Reichstag (Parliament). THE CHANCELLOR Responsible for the day-to-day running of the country Chosen from the Reichstag by the President Like a Prime Minister. THE REICHSTAG (Parliament) Voted on new laws Members elected every four years, through a system called PR (proportional representation). This system gave small parties a chance to have a say in Parliament. THE GERMAN PEOPLE Elected the President and the members of the Reichstag All men and women over the age of 20 could vote All adults had equal rights and the right of free speech.
4 The ‘stab in the back’ myth Throughout the First World War the German public had been told that their country was winning. As far as the majority of Germans were concerned, the German army was advancing and victory was possible. So when the Kaiser fled and Germany surrendered in November 1918, the German people were shocked. People were very bitter and looked for someone to blame. A simple explanation for the defeat quickly spread.

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